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Introduction to Spectroscopy and Astronomical Observations

  • Rafael Escribano
  • Guillermo M. Muñoz Caro
Chapter
Part of the Astrophysics and Space Science Library book series (ASSL, volume 451)

Abstract

This chapter presents an introduction to the techniques and tools used in astronomy and astrophysics research, mainly focused on spectroscopy. The basic concepts of spectroscopy are first described, from the Schrödinger equation to the Lambert–Beer’s law. The spectroscopy of solid systems, widely found in astronomical media, is studied in more detail. An introduction is provided also to the basic concepts of astronomical observations, and the information that can be obtained from them, both in the gas phase and in solid systems. An appendix is included with conversion factors for some of the many magnitudes and units employed in this area.

Notes

Acknowledgments

We gratefully acknowledge financial support from Projects FIS2016-C331P, AYA2014-60585-P and AYA2015-71975-REDT of the Spanish MINECO. We are grateful to Angel González Valdenebro for help with the figures.

References

Electromagnetic Radiation, Quantum Mechanics:

  1. Atkins, P.W.: Molecular Quantum Mechanics. Clarendon, Oxford (1970)Google Scholar
  2. Pauling, L., Wilson, E.B.: Introduction to Quantum Mechanics. McGraw Hill, New York (1935)Google Scholar

Spectroscopy:

  1. Herzberg, G.: Molecular Spectra and Molecular Structure (3 Volumes). Krieger, Malabar, FL (1991)Google Scholar
  2. Wilson, E.B., Decius, J.C., Cross, P.C.: Molecular Vibrations. McGraw Hill, New York (1955)Google Scholar

Solid State:

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Theoretical Calculations:

  1. Jensen, P., Bunker, P.R.: Computational Molecular Spectroscopy. Wiley, Chichester (2003)Google Scholar

SIESTA:

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CASTEP:

  1. Clark, S.J., et al.: Z. Kistallogr. 220, 567 (2005)Google Scholar

Units and Conversion Factors:

  1. Mills, I.M., et al.: Quantities, Units and Symbols in Physical Chemistry, IUPAC. Blackwell, Oxford (1988)Google Scholar
  2. Pugh, L.A., Narahari Rao, K.: Intensities from Infrared Spectra. In: Ch. 4 in Molecular Spectroscopy: Modern Research. Academic, New York (1976)Google Scholar

Radioastronomy:

  1. Kraus, J.D.: Radio Astronomy, 2nd edn. Cygnus-Quasar, Powell, OH (1986)Google Scholar
  2. Wilson, T.L., Rohlfs, K., Hüttemeister, S.: Tools of Radio Astronomy. Springer (2017)Google Scholar

Specific References:

  1. Escribano, R.M., et al.: Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 110, 12899 (2013)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Fernández-Torre, D.: Ph.D. Thesis, Universidad Complutense, Madrid (2005)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Instituto de Estructura de la Materia, IEM-CSICMadridSpain
  2. 2.Centro de Astrobiología, INTA-CSIC, Torrejón de ArdozMadridSpain

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