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Hemodynamic Effects of Mechanical Ventilation

  • Hooman Poor
Chapter

Abstract

Critically ill patients that require mechanical ventilation often have concomitant hemodynamic instability. The direct hemodynamic effects of mechanical ventilation can further complicate their condition. Specifically, increases in intrathoracic pressure due to positive pressure ventilation can significantly impact cardiac function. It is therefore crucial to understand this interaction in order to minimize any untoward effects of mechanical ventilation.

Keywords

Stroke volume Cardiac output Arterial oxygen content Oxygen delivery Preload Preload sensitive Preload insensitive Afterload Wall stress Transmural pressure 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hooman Poor
    • 1
  1. 1.Mount Sinai – National Jewish Health Respiratory InstituteIcahn School of MedicineNew YorkUSA

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