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Normal Radiologic Anatomy and Anatomical Variants of the Chest Relevant to Thoracic Surgery

  • Cheng Ting Lin
  • Elliot K. Fishman
Chapter

Abstract

Preoperative planning requires the careful review of imaging obtained to define anatomy and determine the optimal approach. Normal anatomy and anatomical variants can be challenging and in select cases may simulate pathology. Understanding the radiologic anatomy of the chest is essential to perform safe and successful surgery. This section focuses on the critical anatomic structures seen on imaging that every thoracic surgeon should recognize.

Keywords

Normal anatomy Computed tomography Aortic arch variants Tracheobronchial variants Accessory fissures Lymph node stations Adenopathy mimics Chest wall anomaly Thoracic nerves 

Abbreviations

CT

Computed tomography

DA

Descending aorta

E

Esophagus

IASLC

International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer

LC

Left carotid

LPA

Left pulmonary artery

LS

Left subclavian

MR/MRI

Magnetic resonance/magnetic resonance imaging

PA

Pulmonary artery

RC

Right carotid

RLN

Recurrent laryngeal nerve

RPA

Right pulmonary artery

RS

Right subclavian

SVC

Superior vena cava

T

Trachea

TNM

Tumor, node, and metastasis

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Radiology and Radiological ScienceJohns Hopkins University School of MedicineBaltimoreUSA

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