Imaging of Nonneoplastic Chest Wall Pathologies

  • Justin Stowell
  • Santiago Martínez-Jiménez


The chest wall is commonly affected by nonneoplastic conditions including traumatic, infectious, arthritic, metabolic, and congenital lesions. Imaging plays a critical role in differentiating among these entities and other neoplastic mimics. Multimodality imaging evaluation including radiography, ultrasound (US), computerized tomography (CT), nuclear medicine, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) allows comprehensive evaluation of chest wall lesions and other ancillary findings. The radiologist plays an important role and is often be the first to identify abnormalities and alert clinicians and surgeons of both surgical and nonsurgical conditions. Thoracic surgeons and radiologists should work jointly in arriving at the imaging diagnosis and collaborate in the preoperative evaluation of patients who suffer from these conditions.


Chest wall Trauma Hematoma Fracture Flail chest Dislocation Infection Osteomyelitis Septic arthritis Inflammatory arthritis Cellulitis Abscess Necrotizing fasciitis Congenital chest wall disorders Pectus excavatum Osteoporosis Renal osteodystrophy 



Computed tomography


Human immunodeficiency virus


Hounsfield unit




Magnetic resonance imaging








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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Justin Stowell
    • 1
  • Santiago Martínez-Jiménez
    • 2
  1. 1.University of Missouri-Kansas City School of MedicineKansas CityUSA
  2. 2.Saint Luke’s Hospital of Kansas City & University of Missouri-Kansas City School of MedicineKansas CityUSA

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