Clinical Examination and Risk Classification of the Diabetic Foot

  • Lawrence A. LaveryEmail author
  • Suzanne van Asten
  • Javier La Fontaine
Part of the Contemporary Diabetes book series (CDI)


A consistent, thoughtful assessment of the diabetic foot is pivotal to identify patients at risk for ulceration. In this chapter, we discuss the key risk factors to screen patients for foot complications: a history of lower extremity disease, the presence of peripheral neuropathy, and foot deformities. We discuss the practical approach and background of these key risk factors and subsequently the two most commonly used classification systems for diabetic foot ulcers. Many of the risk factors for ulceration may be identified using simple, inexpensive techniques in a primary care setting. Appropriate classification of the wound becomes paramount in our efforts to document and communicate the level of risk and facilitate amputation prevention.


Diabetes Mellitus Foot Diabetic foot Ulcer Prevention Risk Classification Peripheral Neuropathy Foot Deformities 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lawrence A. Lavery
    • 1
    Email author
  • Suzanne van Asten
    • 1
  • Javier La Fontaine
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Plastic SurgeryUniversity of Texas Southwestern Medical CenterDallasUSA

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