Advertisement

Multiculturalism and the Changing Face of Europe

  • Aidan Power
Chapter
Part of the Palgrave European Film and Media Studies book series (PEFMS)

Abstract

Beginning with what the leaders of its three largest economies described in 2010/2011 as the ‘failure of multiculturalism’, this chapter explores issues of identity, race, and belonging in British and French science fiction, with case studies of urban dystopias in Paris and London, both European economic powerhouses in addition to being two of the most ethnically diverse cities in the EU. Exploring how the dystopian Shank (Mo Ali 2010) and alien invasion narrative Attack the Block (Joe Cornish 2011) respond to a succession of failed social policies in the UK, the chapter then focuses upon a trio of French banlieue sf films, which, for all that they strive to critique social inequality, inadvertently conspire to reinforce pre-existing, racially informed power structures.

Bibliography

  1. Austin, James. 2009. Destroying the Banlieue: Reconfigurations of Suburban Space in French Film. Yale French Studies 115: 80–92.Google Scholar
  2. Avila, Eric. 2001. Dark City: White Flight and the Urban Science Fiction Film in Postwar America. In Classic Hollywood: Classic Whiteness, ed. Daniel Bernardi, 52–71. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.Google Scholar
  3. Bauman, Zygmunt. 2001. The Individualized Society. Cambridge/Malden: Polity.Google Scholar
  4. ———. 2004. Europe: An Unfinished Adventure. Cambridge/Malden: Polity.Google Scholar
  5. Bhabha, Homi K. 1994. The Location of Culture. London/New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  6. Bound for Britain: Experiences of Immigration to the UK. The National Archives. www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/education/resources/bound-for-britain/. Accessed 1 May 2018.
  7. Boycott, Owen, and Amelia Gentleman. 2017. Grenfell Labelled a “National Atrocity” as Lawyers Begin Giving Evidence. Guardian, December 11.Google Scholar
  8. Clark, Greg. 2015. The Making of a World City: London 1991–2021. Chichester: Wiley.Google Scholar
  9. Clarke, Cath. 2010. Shank. Guardian, March 25.Google Scholar
  10. Damilola Taylor Trust. damilolataylortrust.co.uk. Accessed 1 May 2018.
  11. Davies, Christian. 2017. Trump Says West Is at Risk During Nationalistic Speech in Poland. The Guardian, July 6.Google Scholar
  12. Glasby, Matt. 2010. Shank. Total Film, March 25.Google Scholar
  13. Heneghan, Tom. 2011. Sarkozy Joins Allies Burying Multiculturalism. Reuters, February 11.Google Scholar
  14. Hughey, Matthew. 2014. The White Saviour Film: Context, Critics and Consumption. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.Google Scholar
  15. Ilott, Sarah. 2013. “We Are the Martyrs: You’re Just Squashed Tomatoes!” Laughing Through the Fears in Postcolonial British Comedy: Chris Morris’s Four Lions and Joe Cornish’s Attack the Block. Postcolonial Text 8 (2): 1–17.Google Scholar
  16. Klein, Naomi. 2003. Fortress Continents. The Guardian, January 16.Google Scholar
  17. Lees, Loretta, and Mara Ferreri. 2016. Resisting Gentrification on Its Final Frontiers: Learning from the Heygate Estate in London (1974–2013). Cities 57: 14–24.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Mohanty, Chandra. 2003. Feminism Without Borders: Decolonizing Theory, Practicing Solidarity. Duke University Press. More Than a Quarter of Londoners “In Poverty”. BBC, 15 October 2013. www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-london-24517391. Accessed 1 May 2018.
  19. Neate, Rupert. 2018. Ghost Towers: Half of New-Build Luxury London Flats Fail to Sell. The Guardian, January 26.Google Scholar
  20. Petterson, David. 2014. American Genre Film in the French Banlieue: Luc Besson and Parkour. Cinema Journal 53 (3): 26–51.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Purse, Lisa. 2011. Contemporary Action Cinema. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Quick Facts: Detroit City, Michigan. United States Census. www.census.gov/programs-surveys/decennial-census/decade.2010.html.
  23. Shapiro, Walter. 2017. Donald Trump’s Warning About “Western Civilisation” Evokes Holy War. The Guardian, July 7.Google Scholar
  24. Shohat, Ella, and Robert Stam. 2003. Multiculturalism, Postcoloniality, and Transnational Media. New Brunswick: Rutgers.Google Scholar
  25. Sobchack, Vivian. 2004. Screening Space: The American Science Fiction Film. 2nd ed. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press.Google Scholar
  26. Sugrue, Thomas J. 2011. A Dream Still Deferred. New York Times, March 26.Google Scholar
  27. Torres, Carlos Alberto. 2013. Is Multiculturalism Dead? The Huffington Post, August 2.www.huffingtonpost.com/carlos-alberto-torres/is-multiculturalism-dead_b_2641808.html. Accessed 1 May 2018.
  28. Vanderschelden, Isabelle. 2007. Strategies for a Transnational/French Popular Cinema. Modern and Contemporary France 15 (1): 37–50.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Vint, Sherryl. 2013. Visualizing the British Boom: British Science Fiction and Television. The New Centennial Review 13 (2): 155–178.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aidan Power
    • 1
  1. 1.University College CorkCorkIreland

Personalised recommendations