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Management and Treatment of Contact Urticaria Syndrome

  • Gustavo Deza
  • Ana M. Giménez-Arnau
Chapter
Part of the Updates in Clinical Dermatology book series (UCD)

Abstract

Contact urticaria syndrome (CUS) is characterized by the development of itchy wheals and/or eczematous dermatitis that usually appears within minutes after the contact with an eliciting substance. Over the years, advances in the knowledge of the pathogenesis of this condition have caused changes in its classification, diagnosis, and treatment. Management of CUS is similar to that of other diseases caused by hypersensitivity reactions. Thus, the safest and most effective measure is the complete avoidance of the particular allergen. In cases where prevention has failed and symptoms interfere too greatly with the patient’s career and/or quality of life, pharmacological agents could be used to provide symptomatic relief. Nevertheless, this pharmacological therapy could vary depending on the type of immediate contact skin reaction and its pathophysiology. Herein, we discuss the different therapeutic options available for the management of CUS and review the mechanisms by which these agents might achieve their therapeutic effects on patients with CUS.

Keywords

Allergen Antihistamines Contact urticaria Contact urticaria syndrome Immediate contact skin reactions Prevention Protein contact dermatitis Urticaria 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Hospital del Mar - Institut Mar d’Investigacions MediquesUniversitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB), Department of DermatologyBarcelonaSpain

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