Infective Endocarditis

  • Jonathan J. RamalhoEmail author
  • Adam S. Budzikowski


Infective endocarditis is an infectious/inflammatory process that involves heart valves and the supporting valvular apparatus. A Prompt diagnosis is pivotal in preservation of valvular structures and prevention of disease complications.


Infective endocarditis Osler nodes Roth spots Splinter hemorrhages Modified Duke criteria Vegetarian Mycotic aneurysm Perivalvular abscess 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State University of New York Downstate Medical CenterBrooklynUSA
  2. 2.Division of Cardiovascular Medicine-EP SectionSUNY Downstate Medical CenterBrooklynUSA

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