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MedFact: Towards Improving Veracity of Medical Information in Social Media Using Applied Machine Learning

  • Hamman Samuel
  • Osmar Zaïane
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 10832)

Abstract

Since the advent of Web 2.0 and social media, anyone with an Internet connection can create content online, even if it is uncertain or fake information, which has attracted significant attention recently. In this study, we address the challenge of uncertain online health information by automating systematic approaches borrowed from evidence-based medicine. Our proposed algorithm, MedFact, enables recommendation of trusted medical information within health-related social media discussions and empowers online users to make informed decisions about the credibility of online health information. MedFact automatically extracts relevant keywords from online discussions and queries trusted medical literature with the aim of embedding related factual information into the discussion. Our retrieval model takes into account layperson terminology and hierarchy of evidence. Consequently, MedFact is a departure from current consensus-based approaches for determining credibility using “wisdom of the crowd”, binary “Like” votes and ratings, popular in social media. Moving away from subjective metrics, MedFact introduces objective metrics. We also present preliminary work towards a granular veracity score by using supervised machine learning to compare statements within uncertain social media text and trusted medical text. We evaluate our proposed algorithm on various data sets from existing health social media involving both patient and medic discussions, with promising results and suggestions for ongoing improvements and future research.

Notes

Acknowledgement

We thank the Alberta Machine Intelligence Institute (Amii) for funding this research.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Computing ScienceUniversity of AlbertaEdmontonCanada

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