Ultrasound of Common Non-vascular Benign Cutaneous Lesions

  • Ximena WortsmanEmail author


This chapter reviews the sonographic appearance of common non-vascular benign cutaneous lesions, focusing on the ultrasound patterns for each entity. Both cutaneous benign tumors and pseudotumors are characterized and the relevant points for each condition are provided.


Epidermal cyst ultrasound Trichilemmal cyst ultrasound Pilonidal cyst ultrasound Pilomatrixoma ultrasound Hidradenoma ultrasound Hidrocystoma ultrasound Dermoid cyst ultrasound Lipoma ultrasound Dermatofibroma ultrasound Nodular fasciitis ultrasound Neurofibroma ultrasound Keloid ultrasound 

Supplementary material

Video 3.1

Partial rupture of epidermal cyst (see Fig. 3.3c) (MP4 3437 kb)

Video 3.2

Total rupture of epidermal cyst (see Fig. 3.4c) (MP4 3352 kb)

Video 3.3

Apocrine hidradenoma (see Fig. 3.10c) (MP4 3149 kb)

Video 3.4

Apocrine hidradenoma. Notice the “snow falling” and “fluid-fluid” level signs, besides the vascularity in the hypoechoic solid part of the lesion. (see Fig. 3.11c) (MP4 2805 kb)

Video 3.5

Chalazion. Echoangiogram (B-Flow; General Electric Medical System, Milwaukee, WI, USA) shows prominent vascularity in the periphery of the lesion and a central part without flow (see Fig. 3.13c) (MP4 3093 kb)

Video 3.6

Dermoid cyst (see Fig. 3.14b) (MP4 3121 kb)

Video 3.7

Dermatofibroma (see Fig. 3.22d) (MP4 3048 kb)

Video 3.8

Neurofibromatosis diffuse type (see Fig. 3.26d) (MP4 3213 kb)

Video 3.9

Neurofibromatosis diffuse type (see Fig. 3.27c) (MP4 3096 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.IDIEPInstitute for Diagnostic Imaging and Research of the Skin and Soft TissuesSantiagoChile
  2. 2.Department of DermatologyUniversidad de ChileSantiagoChile
  3. 3.Department of DermatologyPontificia Universidad Católica de ChileSantiagoChile

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