Quercus Ilex L.

  • Aranzazu Gomez-GarayEmail author
  • José Antonio Manzanera
  • Pilar S. Testillano
  • Beatriz Pintos
Part of the Forestry Sciences book series (FOSC, volume 84)


Holm oak (Quercus ilex L.) is the predominant tree species in many natural communities of the West Mediterranean. The dominant structure in the natural areas of this species is as wooded meadows, and its main economic importance is the agroforestry system. This structure is well known in Mediterranean countries and receives specific names, such as “dehesa” in Spanish, “montado” in Portuguese, etc. This agroforestry system is oriented to livestock production (mainly beef and Iberian pork) and hunting. Holm oak trees provide acorns as quality food for livestock and game, and sometimes for symbiotic cultures of truffle, which are becoming of high economic importance. Nevertheless, basic research on this species has been scarce.



Work partially supported by projects (AGL2014-52028-R and AGL2017-82447-R) funded by Spanish MINECO and European ERDF/FEDER.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aranzazu Gomez-Garay
    • 1
    Email author
  • José Antonio Manzanera
    • 2
  • Pilar S. Testillano
    • 3
  • Beatriz Pintos
    • 1
  1. 1.Biological Science Faculty, Department of Genetics, Physiology and MicrobiologyComplutense University of Madrid (UCM)MadridSpain
  2. 2.School of Forestry and Natural ResourcesTechnical University of Madrid (UPM)MadridSpain
  3. 3.Biotechnology of Crop PlantsBiological Research Centre (CIB-CSIC)MadridSpain

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