A Pathways Model Approach for Traumatic Brain Injury

  • Angele McGrady
  • Donald Moss


The incidence of traumatic brain injuries (TBI) has increased in recent years, now comprising 2.5 million emergency room visits, hospitalizations, and deaths each year in the United States. TBI is frequently a chronic condition with persisting symptoms and disability. This chapter presents a case study in which self-hypnosis, hypnosis-assisted psychotherapy, and palliative care strategies were provided within a multi-modal integrative treatment program for a 38-year-old woman with TBI secondary to motor vehicle accident. Self-hypnosis was helpful in anxiety reduction and pain management. Hypnosis-assisted psychotherapy was beneficial in desensitizing many post-traumatic memories, and in managing post-concussion pain, including neuropathic pain and post-traumatic migraine headaches. A variety of palliative care techniques and spiritual interventions were applied to enhance sleep, moderate cognitive deficits, and enhance quality of life.


Traumatic brain injury Post-traumatic stress disorder Hypnosis Palliative care Spirituality 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Angele McGrady
    • 1
  • Donald Moss
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of ToledoToledoUSA
  2. 2.College of Integrative Medicine and Health SciencesSaybrook UniversityOaklandUSA

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