Somatic Embryogenesis in Rosa hybrida

  • Pejman AzadiEmail author
  • Maryam Jafarkhani KermaniEmail author
  • Leila Samiei
Part of the Forestry Sciences book series (FOSC, volume 85)


Roses are among the most economically important cut flowers throughout the world. Improving a number of rose traits, including resistance to pests and diseases, flower color and form, vase life and fragrance are some of the major goals of rose breeding programs (Bao et al. in Plant cell, tissue and organ culture 109:411–418, 2012; Ludwig et al. in III International symposium on rose research and cultivation, pp 341–347, 2000; Zakizadeh et al. in European J Hortic Sci 73:111–117, 2008).


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Genetic EngineeringAgricultural Biotechnology Research Institute of Iran (ABRII), Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO)KarajIran
  2. 2.Department of Tissue and CellAgricultural Biotechnology Research Institute of Iran (ABRII), Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO)KarajIran
  3. 3.Department of Ornamental PlantsResearch Center for Plant Sciences, Ferdowsi University of MashhadMashhadIran

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