Advertisement

Methods of Monument Protection from Damage and Their Performance

  • Dmitry Yu. Vlasov
  • Vadim A. Parfenov
  • Marina S. Zelenskayа
  • Yuliya V. Plotkina
  • Valeria M. Geludova
  • Olga V. Frank-Kamenetskaya
  • Alexandr M. Marugin
Chapter
Part of the Geoheritage, Geoparks and Geotourism book series (GGAG)

Abstract

The experience of the Museum of Urban Sculpture in chemical protection of stone monuments from biodeterioration is discussed. The effectiveness of various chemical biocides was compared. High efficiency of the three-stage treatment of monuments using a combination of different compounds in comparison with the known methods is shown. The effectiveness of the used protective compounds was assessed by the speed of the reinstatement of the microbial community over several years after the treatment of the monument. The potential of laser technologies for the restoration of monuments was proven experimentally. It is shown that the effectiveness of laser removal of biofilms from the stone surface is comparable, and in some cases even exceeds that of chemical treatment. In the case of intensive development of mosses and lichens on the surface of monuments, the effectiveness of laser cleaning significantly exceeds that of chemical biocides. Laser cleaning to remove gypsum-rich patina is also effective, but does not always result in the complete removal of gypsum crystals.

Keywords

Monument protection Biodeterioration Chemical biocides Laser cleaning Gypsum-rich patina 

References

  1. Chapman S (2000) Laser technology for graffiti removal. J Cult Heritage 1:75–78CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Cooper M (1998) Laser Cleaning in Conservation: An Introduction. Butterworth-Heinemann, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  3. Frank-Kamenetskaya OV, Marugin VM, Vlasov DY, Bulah AG (2008) Qualification examination of monuments of urban sculpture. In: Marugin VM, Azgal’dova GG (eds) Kvalimetricheskaya ekspertiza stroitel’nyh ob’ektov [Qualimetric examination of construction objects]. Politehnika, St. Petersburg (in Russian)Google Scholar
  4. Frank-Kamenetskaya OV, Vlasov DY, Shilova OA (2012) Biogenic crystals genesis on a carbonate rock monument surface: The main factors and mechanisms, the development of nanotechnological ways of inhibition. In: Krivovichev S (ed) Minerals as advanced materials II. Springer, Berlin, HeidelbergGoogle Scholar
  5. Gulenko VM (2012) Comprehensive approach to protection against biodeterioration of stone monuments in the necropolises of the State Museum of Urban Sculpture. In: Timofeev VN, Frank-Kamenetskaya OV, Rytikova VV, Vlasov DY (eds) Muzei pod otkrytym nebom. Problemy sohraneniya pamyatnikov iz kamnya i bronzy [Open-air museum. Problems of preservation of monuments from stone and bronze]. Soyuz-Dizain, St. Petersburg (in Russian)Google Scholar
  6. Khamova TV, Shilova OA, Vlasov DY, Ryabusheva YV, Mikhal’chuk VM, Ivanov VK, Frank-Kamenetskaya OV, Marugin AM, Dolmatov VY (2012) Bioactive coatings based on nanodiamond-modified epoxy siloxane sols for stone materials. Inorg Mater 48: 702. doi.10.1134/S0020168512060052CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Konservaciya kamennyh pamyatnikov nekropolei s zashitoi ot biorazrushenii na osnove nanotehnologii [Preservation of stone monuments of Necropolises with protection against biodete rioration based on nanotechnology] (2008) Vlasov DYu (supervisor). Research report. Archive of the State Museum of Urban Sculpture (in Russian)Google Scholar
  8. Konservaciya kamennyh pamyatnikov Nekropolei s zashitoi ot biorazrushenii na osnove nanotehnologii [Preservation of stone monuments of Necropolises with protection against biodeterioration based on nanotechnology] (2009) Vlasov DYu (super visor) . Research report. Archive of the State Museum of Urban Sculpture (in Russian)Google Scholar
  9. Konservaciya kamennyh pamyatnikov Nekropolei s zashitoi ot biorazrushenii na osnove nanotehnologii [Preservation of stone monuments of Necropolises with protection against biodete rioration based on nanotechnology. (2010) Vlasov DYu (supervisor) Research report . Archive of the State Museum of Urban Sculpture (in Russian)Google Scholar
  10. Konservaciya kamennyh pamyatnikov nekropolei s zashitoi ot biorazrushenii na osnove nanotehnologii [Preservation of stone monuments of Necropolises with protection against biodeterioration based on nanotechnology] (2011) Vlasov DYu (supervisor) Research report. Archive of the State Museum of Urban Sculpture (in Russian)Google Scholar
  11. Konservaciya kamennyh pamyatnikov Nekropolei s zashitoi ot biorazrushenii na osnove nanotehnologii [Preservation of stone monuments of necropolises with protection against biodeterioration based on nanotechnology] (2012) Vlasov DYu (supervisor) Research report. Archive of the State Museum of Urban Sculpture (in Russian)Google Scholar
  12. Konservaciya kamennyh pamyatnikov Nekropolei s zashitoi ot biorazrushenii na osnove nanotehnologii [Preservation of stone monuments of Necropolises with protection against biodete rioration based on nanotechnology (2013). Vlasov DYu (supervisor).Research report. Archive of the State Museum of Urban Sculpture (in Russian)Google Scholar
  13. Lazarev PA (2006) From the experience of the restoration of the sculpture of the Summer Garden. In: Problemy hraneniya i restavracii eksponatov v hudozhestvennom muzee [Problems of storage and restoration of exhibits in the Art Museum]. State Russian Museum, St. Petersburg (in Russian)Google Scholar
  14. Leavengood P, Twilley J, Asmus J (2000) Lichen removal from Chinese spirit path figures of marble. J Cult Heritage 1:71–74CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Luk’yanchuk BS (2002) Laser cleaning. World Scientific, SingaporeGoogle Scholar
  16. Marugin AM, Arkhipova MA, Dolmatov VY, Shilova OA, Vlasov DY, Chelibanov VP, Fujimura T (2005) The possibilities of photocatalic biocides application in preservation of cultural heritage. In: Proceedings of international conference: solar renewable energy news—research and applications, Firenze, ItalyGoogle Scholar
  17. Parfenov VA, Gerashenko AN, Gerashenko MD, Grigor’eva ID (2010) Laser cleaning of historical monuments. Nauchno-tehnicheskie vedomosti Sankt-Peterburgskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta informacionnyh tehnologii, mehaniki i optiki [Scientific and Technical Bulletins of the St. Petersburg State University of Information Technologies, Mech Opt] 2(66):11–17 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  18. Pouli P, Frantzikinaki K, Papakonstantinou E et al (2005) Pollution encrustation removal by means of combined ultraviolet and infrared laser radiation: the application of this innovative methodology on the surface of the Parthenon West Frieze. In: Dickman K, Fotakis C, Asmus JF (eds) Lasers in the conservation of artworks. Springer proceedings in physics, vol 100. Springer, Berlin, pp 333–340Google Scholar
  19. Razrabotka i vnedrenie sposobov zashity mramornyh pamyatnikov Nekropolya 18 veka Gosu darstvennogo muzeya gorodskoi skul’ptury ot razrusheniya [Development and implementation of ways to protect marble monuments of the Necropolis of the 18 century of the State Museum of Urban Sculpture from destruction] (2004). Vlasov DYu (supervisior). Research report Archive of the State Museum of Urban Sculpture]. (in Russian)Google Scholar
  20. Razrabotka i vnedrenie perspektivyh tehnologii zashity mramornyh pamyatnikov muzeinyh nekropolei ot bio razrushenii [Development and introduction of perspective technologies of protection of marble monuments of Museum Necropolises from biodestruction] (2007) Vlasov DYu (supervisor). Research report Archive of the State Museum. Arhiv Gosudarstvennogo muzeya gorodskoi skul’ptury [Report on research. Archive of the State Museum of Urban Sculpture]. (in Russian)Google Scholar
  21. Siano S, Fabiani F, Caruso D, Pini R, Salimbeni R (2000) Laser cleaning of stones: assessment of operative parameters, damage thresholds and associated optical diagnostics. Proc of SPIE 4246:319–325Google Scholar
  22. Siano S, Giamello M, Bartoli L, Mencaglia A, Parfenov V, Salimbeni R (2007) Phenomenological characterisation of stone cleaning by different laser pulse duration and wavelength. In: Nimmrichter J, Kautek W, Schreiner M (eds) Laser in the conservation of artworks/LACONA VI Proceedings, Springer, HeidelbergGoogle Scholar
  23. Verges-Belmin V (1997) Comparison of three cleaning methods—micro-sandblasting, chemical and Q-switched Nd:YAG laser—on a portal of the cathedral Notre-Dame in Paris, France. In: Kautek W, Konig E (eds) Lasers in Conservation of Artworks, Restaratorendblatter. Mayer & Comp., ViennaGoogle Scholar
  24. Vlasov DYu (2012) Konservaciya kamennyh pamyatnikov nekropolei s zashitoi ot biorazrushenii na osnove nanotehnologii [Preservation of stone monuments of necropolises with protection against biodeterioration based on nanotechnology] Otchet po NIR. Arhiv Gosudarstvennogo muzeya gorodskoi skul’ptury [Report on research. Archive of the State Museum of Urban Sculpture]. (in Russian)Google Scholar
  25. Vlasov DY (2012) New approaches to monitoring biodeterioration of sculptural monuments in the open air. In: Vlasov DY, Rytikova VV, Timofeev VN, Frank-Kamenetskaya OV (eds) Muzei pod otkrytym nebom. Problemy sohraneniya pamyatnikov iz kamnya i bronzy [Open-air museum. Problems of preservation of monuments from stone and bronze]. Soyuz-Dizain, St. Petersburg (in Russian)Google Scholar
  26. Vlasov DY, Zelenskaya MS, Gorbuishna AA, Bogomolova EV (2001) Review of methods for studying fungi damaging monuments of architecture and art. In: Aktual’nye problemy mikologii. Trudy Biol. NII SPbGU [Actual problems of mycology. Proceedings of biological research institute of St. Petersburg State University], vol 47, pp 88–100 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  27. Vlasov DY, Marugin AM, Shilova OA, Frank-Kamenetskaya OV, Dolmatov VY, Hamova TV, Ryabusheva YuV, Timasheva MA (2008) New approaches to the protection of stone monuments from biological destruction. In: Fundamental’nye osnovy innovacionnyh biologicheskih proektov v «Naukograde», Trudy Biol. NII SPbGU [Fundamentals of innovative biological projects in “Naukograd”, Proceedings of biological research institute of St. Petersburg State University] 54: 244–253 (in Russian)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dmitry Yu. Vlasov
    • 1
  • Vadim A. Parfenov
    • 2
  • Marina S. Zelenskayа
    • 1
  • Yuliya V. Plotkina
    • 3
  • Valeria M. Geludova
    • 4
  • Olga V. Frank-Kamenetskaya
    • 1
  • Alexandr M. Marugin
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of BiologySt. Petersburg State UniversitySt. PetersburgRussia
  2. 2.Department of Quantum ElectronicsSt. Petersburg Electrotechnical University «LETI»St. PetersburgRussia
  3. 3.Institute of Geology and Precambrian Geohronologii, Russian Academy of SciencesSt. PetersburgRussia
  4. 4.State Museum of Urban SculptureSt. PetersburgRussia
  5. 5.Russian Instrument-Making Enterprise JSC «OPTEK»St. PetersburgRussia

Personalised recommendations