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Decay of the Monuments

  • Dmitry Yu. Vlasov
  • Olga V. Frank-Kamenetskaya
  • Vera V. Manurtdinova
  • Marina S. Zelenskayа
Chapter
Part of the Geoheritage, Geoparks and Geotourism book series (GGAG)

Abstract

The processes of stone and bronze destruction of the monuments in the Necropoleis were studied as a result of the monitoring. All forms of stone weathering, (mechanical damages, deposits, stone loss) are examined, their classification is proposed, the frequency of occurrence on various rock types is assessed. Particular attention is paid to biodegradation of the stone under the influence of microorganisms (bacteria, fungi, lichens and algae), formation of gypsum-rich patina on the surface of carbonate rocks and patina on the surface of bronze monuments.

Keywords

Weathering Mechanical damages Deposits Stone loss Biological colonization Detachment Roughening of the surface Crumbling Microfissures Biodegradation Bacteria Fungi Algae Lichens Gypsum-rich patina Atmospheric corrosion Copper alloys Bronze disease 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dmitry Yu. Vlasov
    • 1
  • Olga V. Frank-Kamenetskaya
    • 2
  • Vera V. Manurtdinova
    • 3
  • Marina S. Zelenskayа
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiologySt. Petersburg State UniversitySt. PetersburgRussia
  2. 2.Institute of Eearth SciencesSt. Petersburg State UniversitySt. PetersburgRussia
  3. 3.State Museum of Urban SculptureSt. PetersburgRussia

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