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Outdoor Environment of the Monuments in the Necropoleis

  • Vladimir P. Chelibanov
  • Aleksandr M. Marugin
  • Katerina V. Sazanova
  • Evgeny V. Abakumov
  • Dmitry Yu. Vlasov
  • Vera V. Manurtdinova
  • Olga V. Frank-Kamenetskaya
Chapter
Part of the Geoheritage, Geoparks and Geotourism book series (GGAG)

Abstract

A study of the ambient air, soil, vegetation, and biogenic layers on the surface of the monuments was carried out in order to identify environmental factors that have an adverse effect on the condition of the monuments in the Museum necropoleis. It was found out that the corrosivity of the air at the Necropoleis corresponds to the medium category C3 and gradually decreases (primarily due to a reduction in the sulfur dioxide content). The soil near the monuments is another source of contamination of their surface, occurring with the participation of various microorganisms. Selective accumulation of miscellaneous elements on the surface of monuments from the environment and low-molecular organic substances depends, above all, on the species composition of the lithobiont community. The presence of woody plants produces microclimate effects in different parts of the Necropoleis, which has a significant impact on the condition of the monuments.

Keywords

Environmental factors Ambient air Soil Vegetation Biogenic buildups Primary soil Atmospheric corrosivity Gaseous pollutants Sulfur dioxide Corrosive activity Gypsum Low molecular weight organic compounds Algae Lichens Mosses Woody plants 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vladimir P. Chelibanov
    • 1
  • Aleksandr M. Marugin
    • 1
  • Katerina V. Sazanova
    • 2
  • Evgeny V. Abakumov
    • 3
  • Dmitry Yu. Vlasov
    • 3
  • Vera V. Manurtdinova
    • 4
  • Olga V. Frank-Kamenetskaya
    • 5
  1. 1.Russian Instrument-Making Enterprise JSC «OPTEC»St. PetersburgRussia
  2. 2.Komarov Botanical Institute of the Russian Academy of SciencesSt. PetersburgRussia
  3. 3.Department of BiologySt. Petersburg State UniversitySt. PetersburgRussia
  4. 4.State Museum of Urban SculptureSt. PetersburgRussia
  5. 5.Institute of Earth SciencesSt. Petersburg State UniversitySt. PetersburgRussia

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