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Network Meta-Analysis of Diagnostic Test Accuracy Studies

  • Gerta Rücker
Chapter

Abstract

Standard meta-analyses of diagnostic test accuracy studies synthesize evidence from a single diagnostic test, often using the bivariate model. For comparison of multiple tests in a meta-analysis, methodology has evolved only recently. In this chapter, we present a number of approaches designed to this aim, sometimes labeled “network meta-analysis of diagnostic test accuracy studies.” We point to an important difference between multiple tests and multiple interventions: whereas interventions are usually compared between independent groups, multiple tests are typically compared in the same subjects within a study. Thus, meta-analytic methods for comparing multiple tests cannot simply use methods of network meta-analysis but have to account for the different correlation structure in diagnostic accuracy data.

Keywords

Bivariate model Diagnostic test accuracy Meta-analysis Multivariate meta-analysis Network meta-analysis Sensitivity Specificity 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The author gratefully thanks Philipp Doebler, Paul-Christian Bürkner, and Martin Schumacher for valuable hints and comments.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Medical Biometry and Statistics, Faculty of Medicine, Medical Center—University of FreiburgFreiburgGermany

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