Basic Principle in Bone Augmentation

  • Andi Setiawan Budihardja
  • Mimi Kallmann


The most important factor for the successful treatment with dental implants is the bone that has adequate height, width, and vitality . Some factors can lead to the loss of the bone such as genetic defect, trauma, tumor, and infection. In this situation the clinician must decide the right technique and material for bone reconstruction prior to insertion of dental implants.

Autogenous bone is still considered the gold standard in dental implantology. Combinations of autogenous bone and bone substitute material are now widely used in this field with great number of success. In this chapter principle in bone augmentation including the material of choice, technique, and surgical principle will be discussed.


Bone Dental implant Bone grafting 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andi Setiawan Budihardja
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Mimi Kallmann
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of MedicineUniversity Pelita HarapanJakartaIndonesia
  2. 2.Siloam Hospital Lippo VillageJakartaIndonesia
  3. 3.Budihardja Dental Specialist CenterJakartaIndonesia
  4. 4.Private PracticeJakartaIndonesia

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