Ethnic Parallelism: Political Program and Social Reality: An Introduction

  • Tamás Kiss
  • Dénes Kiss
Part of the Palgrave Politics of Identity and Citizenship Series book series ( CAL)


This chapter discusses the notions of ethnic parallelism and the “Minority Society”, which have occupied a central role in the political program and self-representation of Transylvanian Hungarian elites since the interwar period and which were taken for granted by community leaders after 1989. Also, the chapter provides an overview of the thick institutional network meant to underpin the Hungarian societal segment (or pillar), which has played a key role in reproducing ethnic boundaries. The chapter emphasizes that ethnic parallelism can be regarded both as an ethno-political program and as a social reality, but in this latter respect encapsulation is far from perfect, as some fields are imperfectly encapsulated (e.g., education, the churches, mass media), while others are primarily not ethnically integrated (e.g., the economy).


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tamás Kiss
    • 1
  • Dénes Kiss
    • 2
  1. 1.Romanian Institute for Research on National MinoritiesCluj-NapocaRomania
  2. 2.Hungarian Department of Sociology and Social WorkBabeș-Bolyai UniversityCluj-NapocaRomania

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