Caesarean Section

  • James Johnston WalkerEmail author


Caesarean section is the commonest operation performed in women. Caesarean section rates are increasing not only in the developed world, but in some developing countries. In the majority of cases the procedure is uncomplicated, but it remains a major abdominal procedure with recognised complications and the majority are performed in an emergency situation. Litigation cases are focussed not only around the cases where the procedure itself goes wrong, but also in delayed decision making resulting in hypoxic damage to the baby. There is also increasing evidence that the incidence of caesarean section at full dilatation is increasing carrying significant maternal and neonatal risks. Proposed causes of the increasing rates of caesarean section at full dilatation include a reduction in obstetricians skilled to undertake complicated instrumental deliveries and the fear of litigation.


Caesarean section C section Repeat caesarean section Obstetric surgical procedures Operative delivery Abdominal delivery Labour Pregnancy 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Leeds, St. James University HospitalLeedsUK

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