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Oncology Rehabilitation

  • Julie K. Silver
  • Vishwa S. Raj
  • Eric M. Wisotzky
Chapter

Abstract

Oncology rehabilitation is an expanding field of medical care focused on preparing the cancer patient for upcoming cancer treatment (prehabilitation); maintaining patient strength, functioning and quality of life during cancer treatment; and helping patients either recover strength, functioning, and quality of life following cancer treatment or adjust to the long-term sequelae associated with their cancer or cancer-related treatments. This chapter addresses how rehabilitation interventions (1) fit into the continuum of cancer care; (2) can be used to address cancer and cancer treatment-related side effects such as pain, fatigue, lymphedema, cognitive dysfunction, and bone issues; and (3) can be used in cases of specific cancer diagnoses including, but not limited to breast, lung, prostate, colorectal, head and neck, and hematologic cancers.

Keywords

Cancer Oncology Prehabilitation Rehabilitation Acute care Post-acute care Cancer-related Impairment Pain Fatigue Lymphedema Cognitive dysfunction Bone Breast Lung Prostate Colorectal Head and neck Hematologic Stem cell transplantation 

Abbreviations

AIMSS

Aromatase inhibitor-induced musculoskeletal symptoms

ALL

Acute lymphoblastic leukemia

ALND

Axillary lymph node dissection

AML

Acute myeloid leukemia

CDT

Complete decongestive therapy

CIPN

Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy

CLL

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia

CML

Chronic myeloid leukemia

CoC

Commission on Cancer

COPD

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

CT

Computed tomography

ES

Ewing’s sarcoma

FVC

Forced vital capacity

GVHD

Graft-versus-host disease

HH

Home health agencies

HL

Hodgkin’s lymphoma

ICF

International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health

ICU

Intensive care unit

IRF

Inpatient rehabilitation facilities

LOS

Length of stays

LTAC

Long-term acute care hospitals

LTCH

Long-term care hospitals

MCI

Mild cognitive impairment

MM

Multiple myeloma

MRI

Magnetic resonance imaging

NAPBC

National Accreditation Program for Breast Centers

NCI

National Cancer Institute

NCMMR

National Center for Medical Rehabilitation Research

NHL

Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma

NIH

National Institutes of Health

NSCLC

Non-small cell lung carcinoma

OT

Occupational therapy

PAC

Post-acute care

PSA

Prostate-specific antigen

PT

Physical therapists

QOL

Quality of life

RT

Radiation therapy

SCT

Stem cell transplantation

SLNB

Sentinel lymph node biopsy

SLP

Speech and language pathology services

SNF

Skilled nursing facilities

SNRIs

Serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors

TKI

Tyrosine kinase inhibitors

TNS

Transcutaneous nerve stimulation

WHO

World Health Organization

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Julie K. Silver
    • 1
    • 2
  • Vishwa S. Raj
    • 3
    • 4
  • Eric M. Wisotzky
    • 5
    • 6
  1. 1.Department of Physical Medicine and RehabilitationHarvard Medical SchoolBostonUSA
  2. 2.Spaulding Rehabilitation, Massachusetts General and Brigham and Women’s HospitalsBostonUSA
  3. 3.Section of Rehabilitation, Department of Supportive CareThe Levine Cancer InstituteCharlotteUSA
  4. 4.Department of Physical Medicine and RehabilitationCarolinas Rehabilitation, Carolinas Medical Center, Carolinas Healthcare SystemCharlotteUSA
  5. 5.Rehabilitation MedicineGeorgetown University School of MedicineWashingtonUSA
  6. 6.Division of Rehabilitation Medicine, Cancer RehabilitationMedStar National Rehabilitation NetworkWashington, DCUSA

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