Towards Collaborative Virtual Power Plants

  • Kankam O. Adu-KankamEmail author
  • Luis M. Camarinha-Matos
Conference paper
Part of the IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology book series (IFIPAICT, volume 521)


To promote flexible integration of distributed energy resources into the smart grid, the notion of Virtual Power Plants (VPPs) was proposed. VPPs are formed by the integration of heterogeneous systems, organizations and entities which collaborate to ensure optimal generation, distribution, storage, and sale of energy in the energy market. The collaborative nature of VPPs gives the semblance of collaborative business ecosystem, constituted of a mix of highly interdependent relationship among stakeholders. The systematic literature review methodology is used to summarize research evidence of emerging convergence between the Collaborative Networks (CN) and VPP domains. It is observed that, various strategic and dynamic collaborative alliances are formed within a VPP which are similar to various CN organizational forms like: Virtual Breeding Environments (VBE), grasping opportunity driven-networks etc. CN principles like: virtual organization creation, operation and dissolution, negotiation, broker services, etc., are also found. Emerging collaborative forms like hybrid collaborations between known traditional CN forms were also visible.


Collaborative Networks Virtual Power Plants Distributed energy resources Energy market Smart grid 



This work was funded in part by the Center of Technology and Systems of Uninova and the Portuguese FCT-PEST program UID/EEA/00066/2013.


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© IFIP International Federation for Information Processing 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Sciences and Technology, UNINOVA - CTSNova University of LisbonMonte CaparicaPortugal
  2. 2.School of EngineeringUniversity of Energy and Natural Resources (UENR)SunyaniGhana

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