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Scheuermann’s Kyphosis

  • Daniel Brian Carlin Reid
Chapter

Abstract

Scheuermann’s kyphosis is a juvenile disease of the spine, likely secondary to defective growth of vertebral cartilage end plates. In addition to hyperkyphosis, radiographic findings include vertebral end plate lesions, vertebral wedging, disc space narrowing, Schmorl nodes, spondylolysis, and scoliosis. While surgery is necessary in some severe cases, the mainstay of early treatment is nonoperative treatment including bracing.

Keywords

Scheuermann’s kyphosis Scheurmann’s disease Kyphotic deformity Juvenile kyphosis Schmorl nodes Osteochondrosis 

What is considered normal range for thoracic kyphosis?

20–45°

How is Scheuermann’s kyphosis defined?

Rigid thoracic kyphosis >45° with >5° anterior wedging at three consecutive vertebrae

Does Scheurmann’s kyphosis correct to normal with hyperextension?

No

What are other common radiographic findings in patients with Scheurmann’s kyphosis?

Compensatory lumbar hyperlordosis, spondylolysis, scoliosis, disc space narrowing, end plate changes, Schmorl nodes

What degree of kyphosis is often cited as an indication for surgery?

>75°

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daniel Brian Carlin Reid
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of OrthopaedicsRhode Island Hospital, Brown UniversityProvidenceUSA

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