Lumbar Spine Conditions

  • Eren O. Kuris


Low back pain is one of the most common patient afflictions. The economic burden of low back pain is over $100 billion annually. Symptoms often resolve over time, but definitive treatment should be tailored to the underlying pathology responsible for the low back pain.


Low back pain Lumbar strain Disk herniation Spinal stenosis 

Suggested Reading

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    Biyani A, Andersson GB. Low back pain: pathophysiology and management. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2004;12(2):106–15. Review. PubMed PMID: 15089084.Google Scholar
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    Herkowitz HN, Garfin SR, Eismont FJ, Bel GR, Balderston RA. Rothman-Simeone The spine. 6th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders; 2011.Google Scholar
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    Shen FH, Samartzis D, Andersson GB. Nonsurgical management of acute and chronic low back pain. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2006;14(8):477–87. Review. PubMed PMID: 16885479.Google Scholar
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    Waddell G, McCulloch JA, Kummel E, Venner RM. Nonorganic physical signs in low-back pain. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1980;5(2):117–25. PubMed PMID:6446157.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eren O. Kuris
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryWarren Alpert Medical School of Brown UniversityProvidenceUSA

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