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Balloon Tamponade for Variceal Hemorrhage

  • Brian T. Lee
  • Jeffrey A. Kahn
Chapter

Abstract

  • Variceal hemorrhage remains a major cause of mortality in those with portal hypertension. Varices can occur in the esophagus, usually distally, or stomach, usually in the fundus.

  • Endoscopy with hemostasis technique is the mainstay treatment for esophageal variceal bleeding, while portosystemic shunt placement is the treatment for gastric variceal bleeding. However, these procedures require resuscitation and strategic planning prior to initiation.

  • Balloon tamponade remains a useful technique in temporarily arresting hemorrhage until more definitive treatment can be pursued.

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Keck School of Medicine of University of Southern CaliforniaLos AngelesUSA

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