Advertisement

‘[T]he work of a she-devil’: Sensation Fiction, Crime Writing, and Caroline Clive’s Paul Ferroll

  • Adrienne E. GavinEmail author
Chapter
Part of the British Women’s Writing from Brontë to Bloomsbury, 1840-1940 book series (BWWFBB, volume 1)

Abstract

This chapter explores Caroline Clive’s 1855 novel Paul Ferroll in terms of sensation fiction and crime writing. A bestseller praised for its power, originality, and ‘masculine’ style, the novel was equally notorious for its absence of moral judgement upon its gentleman protagonist, who escapes legal and poetic justice for the murders he commits and shows no remorse for his crimes. Judged extra shocking because of its female authorship, the book’s amorality was boundary-breaking. Arguing for Paul Ferroll’s significance as an originating sensation novel, Gavin also argues that it is probably the first novel by a British woman writer to focus intensely upon a criminal protagonist. In doing so, Clive claimed crime for female authors and expanded fictional possibilities for sensation and crime writers who followed.

Works Cited

  1. ‘The Author of Paul Ferroll.’ National Review 12 (April 1861): 489–99.Google Scholar
  2. Armstrong, Isobel and Joseph Bristow, with Cath Sharrock. Nineteenth-Century Women Poets: An Oxford Anthology. Oxford: Clarendon, 1996.Google Scholar
  3. Beller, Anne-Marie. ‘Sensation Fiction in the 1850s.’ In The Cambridge Companion to Sensation Fiction. Ed. Andrew Mangham. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013. 7–20.Google Scholar
  4. The Bookworm. ‘Bibliographical.’ The Academy and ‘Literature’ 62 (25 January 1902): 78.Google Scholar
  5. Boyle, George David]. ‘Glimpses of Poetry.’ [Review of The Morlas: A Poem] North British Review 19 (May 1853): 209–18.Google Scholar
  6. Brown, Susan, Patricia Clements, and Isobel Grundy. ‘Caroline Clive.’ The Orlando Project, 2006–17, http://orlando.cambridge.org/public/svPeople?person_id=clivca. Accessed 11 December 2017.
  7. The Brownings’ Correspondence. vols. 20 and 22. Ed. Philip Kelley et al. Winfield, KS: Wedgestone Press, 2013, 2015. Online edition. https://www.browningscorrespondence.com. Accessed 14 February 2018.
  8. Clive, Caroline. Paul Ferroll: A Tale. 1855. Ed. Adrienne E. Gavin. Kansas City: Valancourt, 2008.Google Scholar
  9. ———. ‘A Prefix.’ Year After Year: A Tale. 1858. Leipzig: Bernhard Tauchnitz, 1858. vi–vii. Victorian Women Writers Project. http://webapp1.dlib.indiana.edu/vwwp/view?docId=VAB7201;chunk.id=d1e454;toc.depth=1;toc.id=;brand=vwwp;doc.view=0;query=. Accessed 13 December 2017.
  10. Clive, Mary, ed. From the Diary and Family Papers of Mrs Archer Clive (1801–1873). London: The Bodley Head, 1949.Google Scholar
  11. [Clutton-Brock, Alan Francis]. Review of Paul Ferroll. Times Literary Supplement (11 April 1929): 288.Google Scholar
  12. Coleridge, Hartley]. ‘Modern English Poetesses.’ Quarterly Review 66 (September 1840): 374–418.Google Scholar
  13. ‘Editorial Notes: American Literature and Reprints.’ Putnam’s Monthly 8(44) (August 1856): 214–20.Google Scholar
  14. ‘Fiction.’ Critic 14 (1 November 1855): 532–33.Google Scholar
  15. Flower, Desmond. A Century of Best Sellers 1830–1930. London: National Book Council, 1934.Google Scholar
  16. Galton, Arthur. Review of Poems. By V (Mrs Archer Clive) (Longmans). The Academy 39 (9 May 1891): 436–37.Google Scholar
  17. Gavin, Adrienne E. ‘“Deepen[ing] the Power and Horror of the Original”: Caroline Clive’s Paul Ferroll as Descendant of Jane Eyre.’ La Revue LISA / LISA e-Journal: Littératures, Histoire des Idées, Images, Sociétés du Monde Anglophone 7.4 (2009): 64–86. http://lisa.revues.org/index839.html. Accessed 2 April 2018.
  18. ———. ‘Feminist Crime Fiction and Female Sleuths.’ In A Companion to Crime Fiction. Eds. Charles J. Rzepka and Lee Horsley. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 2010: 258–69.Google Scholar
  19. ———. ‘Introduction.’ In Paul Ferroll by Caroline Clive. 1855. Ed. Adrienne E. Gavin. Kansas City: Valancourt, 2008: vii–xxxii.Google Scholar
  20. ———. ‘Paul Ferroll.’ In The Companion to Victorian Popular Fiction. Ed. Kevin A. Morrison. Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 2018.Google Scholar
  21. Gilbert, Pamela K. A Companion to Sensation Fiction. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 2011.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. H. A. ‘Mrs Archer Clive.’ Fraser’s Magazine ns 8 (September 1873): 348–52.Google Scholar
  23. Heholt, Ruth. ‘“Powerful beyond all Question”: Catherine Crowe’s Novels of the 1840s.’ In the present volume.Google Scholar
  24. James, Henry. ‘Miss Braddon.’ The Nation (9 November 1865): 593–95.Google Scholar
  25. Lennox-Boyd, Charlotte Mary. The Literary Career of Caroline Clive (1801–1873). PhD dissertation. University College, London, 1989.Google Scholar
  26. ‘Literature.’ New Sporting Magazine 182 (February 1856): 147–49.Google Scholar
  27. Mangham, Andrew, series ed. Varieties of Women’s Sensation Fiction: 1855–1890. 6 vols. London: Pickering & Chatto, 2004.Google Scholar
  28. Mitchell, Charlotte. ‘Introduction.’ In Paul Ferroll by Caroline Clive. 1855. Oxford Popular Fiction. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997. ix–xx.Google Scholar
  29. ‘Mrs Archer Clive.’ The Athenaeum (19 July 1873): 84.Google Scholar
  30. ‘New Novelettes.’ The Times (2 February 1856): 7.Google Scholar
  31. [Notice of Death of Mrs. Archer Clive]. The Academy 4 (1 August 1873): 285.Google Scholar
  32. [Oliphant, Margaret]. ‘Sensation Novels.’ Blackwood’s Edinburgh Magazine 31 (May 1862): 564–84.Google Scholar
  33. Partridge, Eric. ‘Introduction: Mrs. Archer Clive.’ 1927. IX Poems by V. 1840. London: Scholartis Press, 1928. xi–xxiv.Google Scholar
  34. ———. ‘A Note on Paul Ferroll.’ Paul Ferroll by Mrs. Archer Clive. 1855. London: Scholartis Press, 1928. 6–7.Google Scholar
  35. Review of George Eliot’s Scenes of Clerical Life, Adam Bede and The Mill on the Floss. Quarterly Review 108(216) (October 1860): 469–99.Google Scholar
  36. Review of Paul Ferroll. New York: Redfield. United States Democratic Review 37.7 (July 1856): 600–1.Google Scholar
  37. Review of Paul Ferroll. A Tale. Literary Gazette (1 September 1855): 449–550.Google Scholar
  38. Review of Third Edition of Paul Ferroll. Saturday Review 1 (12 January 1856): 192–93.Google Scholar
  39. Review of Paul Ferroll: A Tale. By the Author of ‘IX Poems by V.’ New Quarterly Review 4 (October 1855): 420–22.Google Scholar
  40. Sala, George Augustus. ‘How I Went to Court: A Proud Confession.’ Belgravia: A London Magazine 3 (May 1874): 294–304.Google Scholar
  41. Sergeant, Adeline. ‘Mrs. Archer Clive.’ Women Novelists of Queen Victoria’s Reign: A Book of Appreciation. London: Hurst and Blackett, 1897. 161–73.Google Scholar
  42. Stebbins, Lucy Poate. A Victorian Album: Some Lady Novelists of the Period. London: Secker & Warburg, 1946.Google Scholar
  43. Sussex, Lucy. ‘Frances Trollope as Crime Writer.’ Women’s Writing 18.2 (2011): 182–97.Google Scholar
  44. ———. Women Writers and Detectives in Nineteenth-Century Crime Fiction: The Mothers of the Mystery Genre. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010.Google Scholar
  45. Sutherland, John. ‘Clive, Caroline Archer.’ In The Longman Companion to Victorian Fiction. Harlow: Longman, 1988. 132–33.Google Scholar
  46. ———. ‘Wilkie Collins and the Origins of the Sensation Novel.’ Dickens Studies Annual 20 (1991): 243–58.Google Scholar
  47. Watson, Kate. Women Writing Crime Fiction, 1860–1880: Fourteen American, British and Australian Authors. London: McFarland & Company, 2012.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.ICVWW, Canterbury Christ Church UniversityCanterburyUK
  2. 2.University of AucklandAucklandNew Zealand

Personalised recommendations