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Forehead Surgery

  • Thomas Muehlberger
Chapter

Abstract

The surgery of the forehead concerns mainly the corrugator supercilii muscle. The Latin term “ruga” in corrugator means crease or wrinkle. In relation to facial expression, it has been called the “muscle of trouble,” and upon contraction, it gives the impression of anger and displeasure [2, 3]. It also plays an important role in the aging process of the face. The combination of increased muscle contractility and dermal thinning often induces the glabellar frown lines to become more prominent with advancing age. This effect was aptly described by Shakespeare in one of his sonnets [5]:

Time doth transfix the flourish set on youth

and delves the parallels in beauty’s brow

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas Muehlberger
    • 1
  1. 1.Medsteps AGChamSwitzerland

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