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A History of Loss in Coviability Between Nature and Society: The Evolution of Vegetative Landscapes in the Lesser Antilles from the Seventeenth to the Twentieth Century

  • Philippe Joseph
Chapter

Abstract

In the Lesser Antilles, as elsewhere in the humanized biosphere, the landscape is consubstantial to humans. Landscape entities have in their structure the entire set of singular relationships between human beings and the environment; and in some ways, reveal biotope ecosystemic complexity. The data of scientific literature, including the data upon which we base our research in addition to data obtained from discoverers and former naturalist travelers, permit us to analyze the landscapes of the Lesser Antilles. For this reason, it was possible to explore the initiating forms of coviability over time in addition to the functional modalities of the anthropogenic energy whose originality, in various places, is closely related to the relationships and demands found in the World of the populations. Ultimately, during the ante-colonial era and the early days of colonization, a subtle relationship between Man and the environment resulted in the rational use of plant resources. Successive Antilles societies destroyed this form of coviability by creating imbalance between Man and the environment.

Keywords

Lesser Antilles ecosystems Landscapes Societies Anthropization Forest Flora Resource Environment (biotope) 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Philippe Joseph
    • 1
  1. 1.Antilles UniversityUMR ESPACE DEVMontpellierFrance

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