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Viability of the Babassu Palm Eco-socio-system in Brazil: The Challenges of Coviability

  • Danielle MitjaEmail author
  • Nikolay Sirakov
  • Alessio Moreira dos Santos
  • Sol González-Pérez
  • Deiane Jorge Macedo
  • Eric Delaître
  • Laurent Demagistri
  • Patrice Loisel
  • Izildinha de Souza Miranda
  • Hélène Rey-Valette
  • Maria Regina Teixeira da Rocha
  • Bénédicte Fontez
  • Thérèse Libourel
Chapter

Abstract

The babassu palm tree (Attalea speciosa Mart. ex Spreng.) is a species native to the Amazonian rainforest. The invasive nature of this palm tree results in a high density of babassu palm trees with a subsequent decrease in forage crop production. This is a serious problem for local farmers who have tried to resolve it by removing mature palms, seedlings and young individuals. Within these conditions, is coviability between the babassu palm tree and society possible? Our work consisted in developing tools and methods with the aim of producing knowledge and providing answers to this issue within a given territory. To understand the eco-socio-system, we have explored the available knowledge in the literature, produced specific field data, tools and methods such as mathematical modeling (dynamics of the palm tree population) and remote sensing (land use analysis thanks to Landsat high-resolution images and automatic detection of mature palm trees using Pleiades and GeoEye very high-resolution images). This multidisciplinary research in progress has already given us a good overview of the current situation of this eco-socio-system, enabling us to consider the best way to ensure its sustainability.

Keywords

Babassu Eco-socio-system Extractivism Uses Population dynamics Remote sensing 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank the inhabitants of the communities of Benfica and Las Casas (Brazilian Pará State), of Sobradinho and Redenção (Tocantins State) for their warm welcome during this study, as well as Mr. Deurival da Costa Carvalho for his efficiency, involvement and positive attitude during the fieldwork.

Os autores agradecem os habitantes das comunidades de Benfica e Las Casas (Estado do Pará), de Sobradinho e Redenção (Estado do Tocantins) para a recepção calorosa durante a realização dos trabalhos, assim como Sr. Deurival da Costa Carvalho para sua eficiência, dedicação e alegria durante as pesquisas de campo.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Danielle Mitja
    • 1
    Email author
  • Nikolay Sirakov
    • 1
    • 2
  • Alessio Moreira dos Santos
    • 1
    • 3
    • 4
  • Sol González-Pérez
    • 5
    • 6
  • Deiane Jorge Macedo
    • 7
  • Eric Delaître
    • 7
  • Laurent Demagistri
    • 7
  • Patrice Loisel
    • 8
  • Izildinha de Souza Miranda
    • 4
  • Hélène Rey-Valette
    • 9
  • Maria Regina Teixeira da Rocha
    • 10
  • Bénédicte Fontez
    • 11
  • Thérèse Libourel
    • 12
    • 13
  1. 1.IRD, UMR ESPACE-DEVMontpellierFrance
  2. 2.UMR 729 MISTEA, INRA –Institut National de Recherche AgronomiqueMontpellierFrance
  3. 3.IEDAR-Instituto de Estudos em Desenvolvimento Agrário e RegionalUNIFESSPA-Universidade Federal do Sul e Sudeste do ParáMarabáBrazil
  4. 4.ISARH-Instituto Ambiental e de Recursos Hídricos, UFRA-Universidade Federal Rural da AmazôniaBelémBrazil
  5. 5.UMR 228 Espace-Dev, IRD-Institut de Recherche pour le DéveloppementMontpellierFrance
  6. 6.NAEA-Núcleo de Altos Estudos Amazônicos, UFPA-Universidade Federal do ParáBelémBrazil
  7. 7.IRD, UMR ESPACE-DEV, Maison de la télédétectionMontpellierFrance
  8. 8.INRA (institut National de Recherche Agronomique), UMR MISTEAMontpellierFrance
  9. 9.Université de Montpellier, UMR LAMETAMontpellierFrance
  10. 10.UNITINS/Fundação Universidade do TocantinsPalmasBrazil
  11. 11.UMR 729 MISTEA, Montpellier SupAgroMontpellierFrance
  12. 12.University of Montpellier, UMR ESPACE-DEVMontpellierFrance
  13. 13.UM-Université de MontpellierMontpellierFrance

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