Restoration and Consolidation of Sections of the Castle of Naupactos and the Enhancement of the Archaeological Site
The strategic location of Naupactos, at the entrance of the Corinthian Gulf in central Greece, was a nodal point in the regional defense system throughout the centuries. Due to this enviable geographical and strategic location, the city was the apple of discord among the powerful agents of every age since antiquity. Its imposing castle rises on the western foot of Mount Rigani on a hilltop 200 m high above sea level, dominating the broader area and controlling the sea passage. It is one of the most representative monuments of defensive architecture in Greece. It has the shape of an amphitheater: the higher part encircles the hilltop, while two branches extend eastward and westward following the natural slopes and descend toward the sea where they join a small fortified port.
The project “Restoration and consolidation of sections of the Castle of Naupactos and the enhancement of the archaeological site” was implemented by the Ministry of Culture and Sports, primarily by its subdivision the 22nd Ephorate of Byzantine Antiquities and after November 2014 by the Ephorate of Aitoloakarnania and Leukada. It was included in Priority Axis “03 Improvement of the Entrepreneur Environment” of the Regional Operational Program “Competitiveness and Entrepreneurship” 2007–2013 and lasted for 22 months. During this period in addition to the permanent personnel, 13 more people were employed under contract labor. The study had been prepared in 2013 by E. Katsouli. The project included works on sections of the Castle of Naupactos and specifically outside and inside of the west seaport’s fortifications of the first defensive zone, outside the east seaport’s fortifications of the first defensive zone and of part of the second defensive zone at the area of Megalomata and inside the fourth defensive zone at a retaining wall of the yard of the church of Profitis Ilias.
KeywordsRestoration Consolidation Castle Venetian Ottoman
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