Advertisement

The Role of Nano-Al2O3 in Traditional Binders

  • Eirini-Chrysanthi Tsardaka
  • Lorena Skevi
  • Maria Stefanidou
Chapter

Abstract

This research study attempts to investigate and explain the role of nano-alumina (NA) in traditional binders, such as clay, lime, and pozzolan. Three different modified binding systems with NA, lime-pozzolan as a hydraulic system that was cured in humid conditions and clay and lime-clay systems that were cured in aerial conditions, were studied on their physico-mechanical properties and their mineralogical composition. Nano-particles of 1.5% by mass of binder were added in each system in a defined quantity of water and ultrasonication. Results indicated different behaviors of NA in each binder system, as clay was the most favored system, while lime-pozzolan did not respond in the same way. In lime-clay system, capillarity and carbonation were slightly improved.

Keywords

Nano-alumina Clay Pozzolan Lime Physico-mechanical properties 

References

  1. 1.
    Papayianni I (1998) A diachronic principle in construction: the use of mixed type binders: durability aspects. J. G Cabrera. In: Swamy RN (ed) Symposium on durability of concrete materials, pp 115–130Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Stazi F, Naccia A, Tittarelli F, Pasqualini E, Munafò P (2016) An experimental study on earth plasters for earthen building protection: the effects of different admixtures and surface treatments. J Cult Herit 17:27–41CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Nunes C, Slizkova Z, Stefanidou M, Nemecek J (2016) Microstructure of lime-pozzolan pastes with nanosilica. Cem Concr Res 83:152–163CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Duran Α, Navarro-Blasco I, Fernandez JM, Alvarez JI (2014) Long-term mechanical resistance and durability of air lime mortars with large additions of nanosilica. Constr Build Mater 58:147–158CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Papayianni Ι, Pachta V, Stefanidou M (2012) Experimental study of nano-modified limebased grouts. World J Eng 9:501–508CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Stefanidou M, Tsardaka E-C, Pavlidou E (2017) Influence of nano-silica and nano-alumina in lime-pozzolan and lime-metakaolin binders. Mater Today Proc 4:6908–6922CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Barbhuiya S, Mukherjee S, Nikraz H (2014) Effects of nano-Al2O3 on early-age microstructural properties of cement paste. Constr Build Mater 52:189–193CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Stefanidou M, Tsardaka E-C, Pavlidou E (2016) Influence of combined nano-particles in traditional binding systems. In: 4th International Conference of Historic Mortars, In: HMC 2016, 10–12 October, Santorini, GreeceGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Mukhopadhyay MK (2011) Next-generation Nano-based concrete construction products: a review. In: Gopalakrishnan K et al (eds) Nanotechnology in civil infrastructure, pp 207–223CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eirini-Chrysanthi Tsardaka
    • 1
  • Lorena Skevi
    • 1
  • Maria Stefanidou
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Building Materials, School of Civil EngineeringAUTHThessalonikiGreece

Personalised recommendations