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The Impact of the Mediterranean Diet on Aging, Frailty, and Longevity

  • Antonio Capurso
  • Gaetano Crepaldi
  • Cristiano Capurso
Chapter
Part of the Practical Issues in Geriatrics book series (PIG)

Abstract

In the European Union, the number of people aged 65+ will almost double over the next 50 years, from 85 million in 2008 to 151 million in 2060 [1]. As reported by Clegg et al. [2], population aging is also accelerating rapidly worldwide. People older than 65 years increased from 461 million in 2004 to an estimated rate of 2 billion people by 2050 [3, 4]. This has profound implications for planning and provision of health and social care. The longer life does not go, however, perceived as a social and health problem. Indeed, it is an incredibly precious resource. It offers the opportunity to reconsider not only what older age might be, but how our whole life could unfold [5, 6]. For example, in high-income countries, there is evidence that many people are trying to spend these extra years of their advanced age in innovative ways, such as taking up a new career or continuing education; otherwise, they are pursuing a neglected passion [7]. However, the scope of opportunities that arise from these extra years of life are heavily dependent on the state of health and self-sufficiency of everyone. That is, if we live in good health the years of our old age, our ability to dedicate ourselves to our activities will be little different from that of a younger person. If these added years are dominated by the decline in the state of health and self-sufficiency and mental state, then the implications for older people and for society will be much more negative [6].

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Antonio Capurso
    • 1
  • Gaetano Crepaldi
    • 2
  • Cristiano Capurso
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Internal MedicineSchool of Medicine, University of BariBariItaly
  2. 2.Department of Biomedical ScienceCNR Neuroscience InstitutePadovaItaly
  3. 3.Department of Medical and Surgical SciencesSchool of Medicine, University of FoggiaFoggiaItaly

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