Biological Enhancement of X-Ray Effects

  • Ting Guo
Part of the Nanostructure Science and Technology book series (NST)


This chapter discusses a new concept in X-ray nanochemistry – biological enhancement of X-ray effects using nanomaterials. Two types of biological enhancement are described here, and the rationale and principles of these two types are explained, followed by examples that provide the evidence for the existence of biological enhancement.


Biological enhancement Cellular damage Damage to eukaryotic cells Damage to bacteria Type 1 biological enhancement Type 2 biological enhancement 


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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ting Guo
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryUniversity of CaliforniaDavisUSA

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