B/ordering Turbulence Beyond Europe: Expert Knowledge in the Management of Human Mobility

  • Maribel Casas-Cortés
  • Sebastián CobarrubiasEmail author
  • John Pickles


This chapter focuses on the ways in which assumptions about who “migrants” and “expats” are and how long an individual or a community needs to remain “migrant” are shaped by a series of important institutions and technical practices. The chapter focuses on the International Centre for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD), created in 1993 to coordinate discussion and elaboration of migration categories (as irregular, trafficked, refugee and asylum seeker, and legal, both permanent and temporary) and new spatial imaginaries to guide migration and border management institutions. In addition, ICMPD’s development of its mapping tool—I-Map—has been particularly important in reshaping contemporary geographical spatial imaginaries of the European border and the resulting externalization of the border/migration/asylum apparatus. We focus on I-Map’s effect on the Euro-Mediterranean (primarily the states bordering the Mediterranean Sea and neighboring states to the South) and on the EU initiative called the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership (EUROMED).

Works Cited

  1. Anderson, Bridget. 2013. Us and Them? The Dangerous Politics of Immigration Control. 1. pbk. ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Andrijasevic, Rutvica, and William Walters. 2010. The International Organization for Migration and the International Government of Borders. Environment and Planning D: Society and Space 28 (6): 977–999. Scholar
  3. Casas-Cortes, Maribel, Sebastian Cobarrubias, and John Pickles. 2016. ‘Good Neighbours Make Good Fences’: Seahorse Operations, Border Externalization and Extra-Territoriality. European Urban and Regional Studies 23 (3): 231–251. Scholar
  4. Düvell, Franck, Irina Molodikova, and Michael Collyer, eds. 2014. Transit Migration in Europe, IMISCOE Research. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press.Google Scholar
  5. Escobar, Arturo. 2012. Encountering Development: The Making and Unmaking of the Third World. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  6. Feldman, Gregory. 2012. The Migration Apparatus: Security, Labor, and Policymaking in the European Union. Stanford: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  7. Foucault, Michel, and Colin Gordon. 1980. Power/Knowledge: Selected Interviews and Other Writings, 1972–1977. 1st American ed. New York: Pantheon Books.Google Scholar
  8. Geiger, Martin, and Antoine Pécoud. 2014. International Organisations and the Politics of Migration. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 40 (6): 865–887. Scholar
  9. Georgi, Fabian. 2010. For the Benefit of Some: The International Organization for Migration and Its Global Migration Management. In The Politics of International Migration Management, 45–73. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Guild, Elspeth, and Sergio Carrera. 2011. Towards an Internal (in)Security Policy for the EU? Brussels: Centre for European Policy Studies.Google Scholar
  11. Hess, Sabine. 2010. ‘We Are Facilitating States’ An Ethnographic Analysis of the ICMPD. In The Politics of International Migration Management, 96–119. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Houtum, Henk, Olivier Thomas Kramsch, and Wolfgang Zierhofer. 2005. Bordering Space. Aldershot/Burlington: Ashgate.Google Scholar
  13. Kumin, Judith. 2014. The Challenge of Mixed Migration by Sea. Forced Migration Review (45): 49.Google Scholar
  14. Mezzadra, Sandro, and Brett Neilson. 2013. Border as Method, or, the Multiplication of Labor. Durham: Duke University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Olsen, Westh, Anne Sofie, and Dansk Institut for Internationale Studier. 2011. Reconsidering West African Migration Changing Focus from European Immigration to Intra-Regional Flows. Copenhagen: Danish Institute for International Studies.Google Scholar
  16. Pickles, John. 2004. A History of Spaces: Cartographic Reason, Mapping, and the Geo-Coded World. London/New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  17. Rogers, Rosemarie, and Emily Copeland. n.d. The Evolution of the International Refugee Regime. In The Migration Reader: Exploring Politics and Policies, ed. Anthony Messina and Gallya Lahav, 202–215. Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers.Google Scholar
  18. Vaughan-Williams, Nick. 2008. Borderwork Beyond Inside/Outside? Frontex, the Citizen-Detective and the War on Terror. Space and Polity 12 (1): 63–79. Scholar
  19. Walters, William. 2011. Foucault and Frontiers: Notes on the Birth of the Humanitarian Border. In Governmentality: Current Issues and Future Challenges, 138–164. New York: Routledge Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maribel Casas-Cortés
    • 1
  • Sebastián Cobarrubias
    • 2
    Email author
  • John Pickles
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of AnthropologyUniversity of North CarolinaCharlotteUSA
  2. 2.Department of Global StudiesUniversity of North CarolinaCharlotteUSA
  3. 3.Department of GeographyUniversity of North CarolinaChapel HillUSA

Personalised recommendations