Policies and Practices on Migration in the EU
This chapter addresses the EU’s immigration policy and the policies and practices behind it. The EU mainly addresses irregular migration as a threat to the Union’s internal security, despite the fact that it only represents a small part of the total migration to the European territory. The notions of responsibility and solidarity are fundamental to the development of a comprehensive management of migration and asylum. Nevertheless, the EU has struggled to find a balance regarding the sharing of responsibilities in dealing with these issues. Over the last decades, the Union has developed efforts to construct a common policy on migration and asylum. Thus, migration management in the EU, and consequently in the Mediterranean, reflects the constant struggle between a sovereign field of action and a gradually more supranational issue.
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