• Atanu SarkarEmail author
  • Gary W. vanLoon


In recent years, we have witnessed far reaching changes in climate around the world and the impact on local weather is already beginning to have an impact on food security. In this context, actions directed toward adaptation are believed to be feasible and necessary to ensure risk reduction. The suggested adaptation actions needed to sustain food security in the changing climate can take many forms, some of which are very complex. Most focus in large part on production. Emerging research, however, suggests that there is a need to consider broader perspectives of food security as we move into an era of changing climate (Campbell et al., 2016).


  1. Campbell, B. M., Vermeulen, S. J., Aggarwal, P. K., Corner-Dolloff, C., Girvetz, E., Loboguerrero, A. M., Ramirez-Villegas, J., Rosenstock, T., Sebastian, L., Thornton, P. K., & Wollenberg, E. (2016). Reducing risks to food security from climate change. Global Food Security, 11, 34–43.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. United Nations. (n.d.) Urban and Rural Areas 2009. UN Population Division.

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Community Health and Humanities, Faculty of MedicineMemorial UniversitySt. John’sCanada
  2. 2.Department of Chemistry and School of Environmental StudiesQueen’s UniversityKingstonCanada

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