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Combating Climate Change Impacts for Shrimp Aquaculture Through Adaptations: Sri Lankan Perspective

  • J. M. P. K. Jayasinghe
  • D. G. N. D. Gamage
  • J. M. H. A. Jayasinghe
Chapter

Abstract

Fisheries and aquaculture have been identified as important sources of food, nutrition, income and livelihoods for hundreds of millions of people around the world. World per capita fish supply has reached 20 kg in 2014. Aquaculture is one of the main contributors that provide a considerable percentage of fish for human consumption. By 2014, fish accounted for about 17% of the global population’s intake of animal protein and 6.7% of all protein consumed. In addition, fish provided more than 3.1 billion people with almost 20% of their average per capita intake of animal protein. Global total capture fishery production in 2014 was 93.4 million metric tons (MT) while aquaculture production is estimated at 73.8 million MT, with a projected first-sale value of US$160.2 billion.

Global shrimp aquaculture production has reached 4.58 MMT in 2014 and may remain at the same level in near future. Shrimp culture makes vital contributions to national and global economies, poverty reduction and food security for the world’s well-being and prosperity. Asia has always led the world production of cultivated shrimps. Expected changes in climate, extreme weather conditions and climatic events, sea level rise, ocean acidification and rise in temperature are expected to create significant impacts on coastal ecosystems and aquaculture in coastal areas. Adaptations for likely impacts of climate change are reachable through better management practices in site selection, pond construction and preparation, selection of post larvae for stocking, pond management, bottom sediment management and disease management together with reducing non-climate stressors such as pollution, conservation of sensitive ecosystems and adoption of dynamic management policies.

Keywords

Shrimp aquaculture Climate change adaptations Better management practices Food and nutritional security Disease 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors appreciate and would like to acknowledge all the support provided by the Wayamba University of Sri Lanka, Climate Change Secretariat, Ms. N. Balasubramaniam, and all other stakeholders with whom we have worked.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. M. P. K. Jayasinghe
    • 1
  • D. G. N. D. Gamage
    • 1
  • J. M. H. A. Jayasinghe
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of Livestock, Fisheries and Nutrition, Department of Aquaculture & FisheriesWayamba University of Sri LankaGonawilaSri Lanka
  2. 2.Faculty of EngineeringUniversity of MoratuwaMoratuwaSri Lanka

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