Towards an Innovative Community: Rethinking the Urban Configuration of the University Campus Within New Cities

  • Mohamed Shokry AbdelaalEmail author
  • Doaa Abdelaal


Within the context of Knowledge-Based Economy, many cities around the globe are working on magnetizing the global talents of professionals, students, academic staff and researchers for joining their local markets. Numerous studies revealed that university campuses could play a substantial role in boosting the innovation within communities and reinforcing the mission of developing human resources aligned with fostering competitive technological advantages. In new cities, societies tend to maximize their competitive benefits to attract more talents and investment. Thus, reconstructing the relationship between campus and the new city is becoming more substantial for the survival and foolishness of these new communities. Therefore, this study is organized based on two premises, the first straightforward is, hypothesizing that both, urban and spatial characteristics and configurations of university campus may increase or decrease the possibilities of innovation to take place within the city. The second attribute is more holistic, assuming that there is a kind of correlation between community or campus-scale planning, and space-scale setting in fostering interaction and thriving innovation. Accordingly, the research is a trial to articulate the design framework which may control the efficiency of this relationship to promote innovation within a broad ecosystem. In this chapter, the authors used qualitative research tools to consolidate the final findings and planning consideration of new innovative communities by deploying a target group questionnaire and analyzing a distinctive case study of MIT University Campus, USA.


Campus planning Academic spaces Innovative university Social innovation Metrics 


  1. Abdelaal, M. (2016). The architectural building blocks of innovation: A comprehensive metric for developing innovative spaces . Conference Book, 33rd IASP World Conference on Science Parks and Areas of Innovation 2016 (pp. 399–423). Moscow: (IASP).Google Scholar
  2. Adhya, A. (2009). Evaluating the campus-downtown relationship: The spatial configuration of four college towns in small metropolitan regions in the United States. Proceedings of the 7th International Space Syntax Symposium. In Retrieved November 30, 2016.
  3. Allen, T. J., & Henn, G. (2007). The organization and architecture of innovation: Managing the flow of technology. Amsterdam: Elsevier.Google Scholar
  4. Atun, R. A., Harvey, I., & Wild, J. (2007). Innovation, patents and economic growth. The International Journal of Innovation Management, (02), 279–297. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Augustin, S., & Coleman, C. (2012). The designer’s guide to doing research: Applying knowledge to inform design. Hoboken: Wiley.Google Scholar
  6. Berg, S.-H., & Hassink, R. (2014). Creative industries from an evolutionary perspective: A critical literature review: Creative industries, evolutionary economic geography. Geography Compass, 8.
  7. Christensen, C. M. (1997). The innovator’s dilemma: When new technologies cause great firms to fail. Harvard Business School Press. Retrieved from
  8. Coleman, C., Graham, M., & Mulhern, T. (2012). Framework for innovation spaces research and design thinking. Gensler. Retrieved May 1, 2012, from
  9. David J. (2011), How the arts and culture sector catalyzes economic vitality. Murray American Planning Association Retrieved from
  10. Dspace MIT. (2012). Organizational structure for product development. Accessed 02 May 2016.
  11. Fedorowicz, J. (2001). A review of John Seely Brown and Paul Duguid’s the social life of information. Business and Society Review, 106. Scholar
  12. Florida, R. (2004). The rise of the creative class. Basic Books New York. Retrieved from
  13. Goddard, J. B., & Vallance, P. (2013). The university and the city. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  14. Hospers, G.-J. (2006). The rise of the creative class: And how it’s transforming work, leisure, community and everyday life the flight of the creative class: The new global competition for talent? Richard Florida. Creativity and Innovation Management, 15.
  15. Hoban, M. (2011). Cambridge, Hub downplay rivalry reports over District: Officials claim spat between cities is press-driven. Retrieved January 27, 2017, from
  16. Imperative, T. M. (2008). Innovation metrics. Innovations, 25, 1–3. Scholar
  17. Katz, B., & Wagner, J. (2014, May). The rise of innovation districts: A new geography of innovation in America . Retrieved May 03, 2016, from
  18. Lehrer, J. (2012, January 30). GROUP THINK The brain-storming myth. The New Yorker. Retrieved from
  19. Micek, G. (2016) Understanding innovation in emerging economic spaces: Global and local actors, networks, and embeddedness. Routledge.Google Scholar
  20. MIT2016. (2016, April 13). MIT2016 Documentary series: Function follows form. Retrieved November 07, 2016, from
  21. O’Mara, M. (2012). Community, creativity, and innovation: The University District and the University of Washington. Manuscript submitted for publication, University of Washington, Washington.Google Scholar
  22. Ransom, J. (2015). Future of cities: Universities and cities. Retrieved February 8, 2017, from
  23. Shapiro, J. (2005). Smart cities: Quality of life, productivity, and the growth effects of human capital (NBER Working Paper, 2).
  24. Steelcase Inc. (2016). How place fosters innovation. Retrieved May 03, 2016, from
  25. Turner, P. V. (1984). Campus. An American planning tradition. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.Google Scholar
  26. Vogel, C. (2012, November). How MIT became the most important university in the World. Boston Magazine. Retrieved November 09, 2016, from
  27. Zundel, B. (2013). Explore, develop, innovate!: urban development for innovation economies. Master’s Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas, USA.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Architecture and Built EnvironmentAdelaide UniversityAdelaideAustralia
  2. 2.Architectural Engineering DepartmentCairo UniversityGizaEgypt
  3. 3.College of Architecture and DesignEffat UniversityJeddahSaudi Arabia

Personalised recommendations