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Trophic Ecology of the White Croaker (Micropogonias furnieri Desmarest, 1823) and Rough Scad (Trachurus lathami Nichols, 1920) Larvae in the Río de la Plata Estuary

  • Laura Rodríguez-Graña
  • Mario Vera
  • Guillermo Cervetto
  • Danilo L. Calliari
Chapter

Abstract

This study describes the feeding ecology of white croaker (Micropogonias furnieri) and rough scad (Trachurus lathami) larvae in the Río de la Plata Estuary (RPE) during a breeding season. The working hypotheses were that the coexistence of the species under study is favored by spatial segregation and divergence in mouth gape size, which mirrors their diet composition and trophic niche breadth (TNBs), based on prey size. Micropogonias furnieri was more abundant at the innermost stations, while T. lathami was most abundant at outermost stations of the estuary. However, their abundances were uncorrelated to environmental salinity and temperature. Micropogonias furnieri and T. lathami larvae showed differences in their gape growth patterns and in the type of preys ingested, which resulted in low dietary overlap. This did lead to differences in the TNBS and supported the prediction of the trophic differentiation hypothesis and could be interpreted as a mechanism to minimize food competition in the RPE ecosystem.

Keywords

Niche breadth Larval morphometry Trophic differentiation Micropogonias furnieri Trachurus lathami 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Thanks to the working team at Dirección Nacional de Recursos Acuáticos (DINARA) G. Mantero, C. Mesones, A. Martínez, and L. Ortega for their help with identification of fish larvae and for providing environmental data and access to plankton samples. Special thanks to I. Machado, D. Cambón, and R. Castiglioni (Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de la República) for their collaboration during field work. This study was supported by contract PDT S/C/OP/36/10 (DINACYT, Uruguay). M Vera was partially funded by Programa para el Desarrollo de las Ciencias Básicas (PEDECIBA) and by Marie Curie Grant (EU- IIF – FP 6, MIF1-CT-2006-021529).

Supplementary material

431363_1_En_17_MOESM1_ESM.docx (132 kb)
Supplementary Data Fig. 1 Feeding incidence (%) at sampled hours of (a) Micropogonias furnieri and (b) Trachurus lathami. In brackets, total number of larvae analyzed (DOCX 132 kb)
431363_1_En_17_MOESM2_ESM.docx (20 kb)
Supplementary Data Table 1 Spring 2006 – zooplankton abundance (ind/m3) as potential preys in those stations where Micropogonias furnieri (M), Trachurus lathami (T), or both (M/T) occurred. Maximum abundances are highlighted in bold (DOCX 19 kb)
431363_1_En_17_MOESM3_ESM.docx (20 kb)
Supplementary Data Table 2 Autumn 2007 – zooplankton abundance (ind/m3) as potential preys in those stations where Micropogonias furnieri (M), Trachurus lathami (T), or both (M/T) occurred. Maximum abundances are highlighted in bold (DOCX 19 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Laura Rodríguez-Graña
    • 1
  • Mario Vera
    • 2
  • Guillermo Cervetto
    • 3
  • Danilo L. Calliari
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Ecología Funcional de Sistemas Acuáticos, Centro Universitario Regional del EsteUniversidad de la RepúblicaRochaUruguay
  2. 2.Oceanografía y Ecología Marina, Facultad de CienciasUniversidad de la RepúblicaMontevideoUruguay
  3. 3.Dirección Nacional de Medio Ambiente. Ministerio de ViviendaOrdenamiento Territorial y Medio AmbienteMontevideoUruguay

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