Advertisement

Neonatal Cranial Ultrasonography: Advantages and Aims

  • Gerda Meijler
  • Sylke J. Steggerda
Chapter

Abstract

Cranial ultrasonography (CUS) is the preferred modality to visualise the brain of the sick and/or preterm neonate. It uses the unique features of the neonatal skull with its open fontanels and sutures to look into the brain and has important advantages above other imaging modalities.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Further Reading

  1. Bracci R et al (2006) The timing of neonatal brain damage. Biol Neonate 90:145–155CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Daneman A, Epelman M (2015) Neurosonography: in pursuit of an optimised examination. Pediatr Radiol 45:S406–S412CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Epelman M et al (2012) Ultrasound and MR imaging in the evaluation of neonatal encephalopathy: competitive or complementary imaging studies? Magn Reson Imaging Clin N Am 20:93–115CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Govaert P, De Vries LS (2010) An atlas of neonatal brain sonography, 2nd edn. MacKeith Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  5. Hagmann CF et al (2010) Cranial ultrasound findings in well Ugandan infants. Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed 95:F338–F344CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Leijser LM et al (2006) Using cerebral ultrasound effectively in the newborn infant. Early Hum Dev 82:827–835CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Mazmanyan PA et al (2016) Preterm cranial ultrasound scanning is both feasible and effective in a middle-income country. Acta Paediatrica 105:291–299CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Meijler et al (2016) Neonatal cranial ultrasonography. Diagnostic pediatric ultrasound, 1st edn. Beek and van RijnGoogle Scholar
  9. Neil, Volpe (2017) Specialized neurological studies. In: Volpe’s neurology of the newborn, 6th edn. ElsevierGoogle Scholar
  10. Plaisier A et al (2015) Serial cranial ultrasonography or early MRI for detecting preterm brain injury? Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed 100:F293–F300CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Sisman J et al (2018) Lenticluostriate vasculopathy in preterm infants: a new classification, clinical association and neurodevelopmental outcome. J Perinatol 38:1370–1378Google Scholar
  12. Skiöld B et al (2019) A novel scoring system for term-equivalent-age cranial ultrasound in extremely preterm infants. Ultrasound Med Biol 45:786–794Google Scholar
  13. Steggerda SJ et al (2009) Neonatal cranial ultrasonography: how to optimise its performance. Early Hum Dev 85:93–99CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Tann CJ et al (2016) Early cranial ultrasound findings among infants with neonatal encephalopathy in Uganda: an observational study. Pediatr Res 80:190–196CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. The British Medical Ultrasound Society (BMUS) (2009) Guidelines for the safe use of diagnostic ultrasound equipment. www.bmus.org/static/uploads/resources/BMUS-Safety-Guidelines-revision-Final-Nov-2009.pdf
  16. de Vries LS et al (2004) Ultrasound abnormalities preceding cerebral palsy in high-risk preterm infants. J Pediatr 144:815–820CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. de Vries LS et al (2006) The role of cranial ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging in the diagnosis of infections of the central nervous system. Early Hum Dev 82:819–825CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. de Vries, Volpe (2017) Viral, protozoan and related intracranial infections. In: Volpe’s neurology of the newborn, 6th edn. ElsevierGoogle Scholar
  19. de Vries, Volpe (2017) Bacterial and fungal intracranial infections. In: Volpe’s neurology of the newborn, 6th edn. ElsevierGoogle Scholar
  20. Verboon-Maciolek MA et al (2006) White matter damage in neonatal enterovirus meningoencephalitis. Neurology 66:1267–1269CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Verboon-Maciolek MA et al (2008) Human parechovirus causes encephalitis with white matter injury in neonates. Ann Neurol 64:266–273CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Vollmer B et al (2003) Predictors of long-term outcome in very preterm infants: gestational age versus neonatal cranial ultrasound. Pediatrics 112:1108–1114CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. van Wezel-Meijler G et al (2010) Cranial ultrasonography in neonates: role and limitations. Semin Perinatol 34:28–38CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. van Wezel-Meijler G et al (2011) Ultrasound detection of white matter injury in very preterm neonates: practical implications. Dev Med Child Neurol 53(Suppl 4):29–34CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. van Wezel-Meijler GV, De Vries LS (2014) Cranial ultrasound—optimising utility in the NICU. Curr Pediatr Rev 10(1):16–27CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Yikilmaz A, Taylor GA (2008) Cranial sonography in term and near-term infants. Pediatr Radiol 38:606–616Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gerda Meijler
    • 1
  • Sylke J. Steggerda
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of NeonatologyIsala Women and Children’s HospitalZwolleThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Department of NeonatologyLeiden University Medical CenterLeidenThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations