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An Alternative Potential Natural Genetic Resource: Sea Buckthorn [Elaeagnus rhamnoides (syn.: Hippophae rhamnoides)]

  • Wudeneh Letchamo
  • Munir Ozturk
  • Volkan Altay
  • Mirza Musayev
  • Nazim A. Mamedov
  • Khalid Rehman Hakeem
Chapter

Abstract

Elaeagnus rhamnoides (syn.: Hippophae rhamnoides), also known as sea buckthorn, is a member of the Elaeagnaceae family. Every part of the plant is used as medicine, nutritional supplement, fuel and fence, and therefore sea buckthorn is popularly known as ‘Gold Mine’, ‘Wonder Plant’ or ‘Golden Bush’. This plant contains a series of chemical compounds, possessing various biological as well as therapeutic activities including hepato-protective, antitumoural and immunumodulatory properties. The fruits of sea buckthorn have been used as a raw material for foods and medicines for decades in various regions of the world including China, Russia, North America and Europe. Berry products of sea buckthorn are nowadays becoming popular foods in the United States, Canada, Finland, Germany, and some other European countries. During the last decade sea buckthorn has attracted special attention and became an important subject for domestication in many countries as it is one of the most interesting plants for human use. However, the commercial cultivation and exploitation of sea buckthorn berries using its secondary compounds such as flavonoids, vitamins and carotenes for high quality food products or even to produce basic products such as juices is differently developed in Europe, Asia and Russia/NIS. Industrial cultivation, medicinal use, and processing of sea buckthorn berries need to be aligned according to different purposes, e.g. direct consumption, processing, juice or oil production, juice yield or composition of active compounds, seed oil or pulp oil, compounds to be enriched, etc. The medicinal and/or nutritional components of berries will provide very cheap raw material for national and international pharmaceutical industries, benefiting humanity worldwide. That’s why, sea buckthorn is one among the R&D subjects of the pharmaceutical industries all over the world. For this purpose, this chapter highlights the latest information about the sea buckthorn with an emphasis on its morphological features, taxonomic status, ecological and ecophysiological characteristics, biomorphological characteristics of some cultivars, phytochemical contents, traditional uses, potential medicinal characteristics, and other potential economical uses.

Keywords

Biochemical composition Ecophysiology Healthy benefits Multipurpose use Nutritional value Sea buckthorn Sea buckthorn cultivars Sustainability Traditional use 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wudeneh Letchamo
    • 1
  • Munir Ozturk
    • 2
  • Volkan Altay
    • 3
  • Mirza Musayev
    • 4
  • Nazim A. Mamedov
    • 5
  • Khalid Rehman Hakeem
    • 6
  1. 1.Camelina International Co./ Herba MedicaNew BrunswickUSA
  2. 2.Centre for Environmental Studies, Botany DepartmentEge UniversityIzmirTurkey
  3. 3.Biology Department, Faculty of Science & ArtsMustafa Kemal UniversityAntakyaTurkey
  4. 4.Genetic Resources Institute, Azerbaijan National Academy of SciencesBakuAzerbaijan
  5. 5.Stockbridge School of AgricultureUniversity of Massachusetts at AmherstAmherstUSA
  6. 6.Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of ScienceKing Abdulaziz UniversityJeddahSaudi Arabia

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