Family Firm Density and Likelihood of Failure: An Ecological Perspective

  • Marta Caccamo
  • Daniel Pittino
  • Francesco ChiricoEmail author


This chapter aims at establishing a link between family business research and regional science. Drawing from the density dependence model from organizational ecology and embeddedness theory, we develop four testable propositions to inquire about the effect of the emergence of family firms’ agglomerations in the territory on firms’ survival.

We theorize that increased family firm density reduces the likelihood of firm failure and this effect is (a) higher for family firms than for non-family firms, (b) lower in urban than in rural areas, and (c) higher in fine-grained variable environments than in stable environments. Contributions and future research implications are detailed in the concluding section.


Density dependence Embeddedness Failure Family business 


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© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marta Caccamo
    • 1
  • Daniel Pittino
    • 1
  • Francesco Chirico
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Jönköping International Business SchoolCenter for Family Enterprise and Ownership—CeFEOJönköpingSweden
  2. 2.Tecnológico de Monterrey, EGADE Business SchoolSan Pedro Garza GarcíaMexico

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