All the Same but Different: Understanding Family Enterprise Heterogeneity

  • Ken MooresEmail author
  • Denise Linda Parris
  • Scott L. Newbert
  • Justin B. Craig


We explore heterogeneity in family firms from its core antecedents: the presence of family and their pursuit of dual logics in decision-making and position servant leadership, stewardship, and trust as emanating core philosophies, which manifest in an organization-level (AGES) and individual-level (SAGE) framework, and ultimately skill-sets that are all unique to family firms but which also serve to differentiate within this class of firms. Our conceptual meta-model of family enterprise heterogeneity serves as a guide for family firms to identify and understand the perception versus reality of their heterogeneity, and then enables the development of strategies to maintain organizational culture and/or evaluate organizational change.


Family enterprise heterogeneity Servant leadership Stewardship Trust Mindset Skill-set 


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© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ken Moores
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Denise Linda Parris
    • 3
  • Scott L. Newbert
    • 4
  • Justin B. Craig
    • 5
  1. 1.Bond UniversityGold CoastAustralia
  2. 2.Moores Family EnterprisesBurleigh HeadsAustralia
  3. 3.Price College of BusinessUniversity of OklahomaNormanUSA
  4. 4.Zicklin School of BusinessBaruch CollegeNew YorkUSA
  5. 5.Center for Family Enterprises, Kellogg School of ManagementNorthwestern UniversityEvanstonUSA

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