Evotype: Towards the Evolution of Type Stencils

  • Tiago Martins
  • João Correia
  • Ernesto Costa
  • Penousal Machado
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 10783)


Typefaces are an essential resource employed by graphic designers. The increasing demand for innovative type design work increases the need for good technological means to assist the designer in the creation of a typeface. We present an evolutionary computation approach for the generation of type stencils to draw coherent glyphs for different characters. The proposed system employs a Genetic Algorithm to evolve populations of type stencils. The evaluation of each candidate stencil uses a hill climbing algorithm to search the best configurations to draw the target glyphs. We study the interplay between legibility, coherence and expressiveness, and show how our framework can be used in practice.


Evolutionary computation Evolutionary design Automatic fitness assignment Type design Stencil 



This research is partially funded by Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia (FCT), Portugal, under the grants SFRH/BD/90968/2012 and SFRH/BD/105506/2014; and is based upon work from COST Action CA15140: ImAppNIO, supported by COST (European Cooperation in Science and Technology): We would also like to express our gratitude to NVIDIA for providing us one Titan Xp GPU to support our research.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tiago Martins
    • 1
  • João Correia
    • 1
  • Ernesto Costa
    • 1
  • Penousal Machado
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Informatics Engineering, CISUCUniversity of CoimbraCoimbraPortugal

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