Two “Difficult Outsiders”? Anti-fascism, Anti-Nazism and Democracy in Lelio Basso and Wilhelm Hoegner
In this chapter, Späth analyses the policies of two leading post-war socialists up until the early 1960s: Italian Lelio Basso and German Wilhelm Hoegner. In the first section, he briefly summarizes the protagonists’ experiences with fascism and National Socialism to better understand their discourses and actions. Späth raises the question as to what extent we can apply the concept of generation as communities of collective experience to both politicians. Second, he discusses selected aspects of their political ideas and activities after 1945. Third, comparing the political biographies of two significant democratic post-war politicians, Späth addresses some similarities and differences between the post-war Italian and German political left and argues for a wider, more general perspective.