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Bioremediation of Insecticides by White-Rot Fungi and Its Environmental Relevance

  • Debasish Mohapatra
  • Sakti Kanta Rath
  • Pradipta Kumar Mohapatra
Chapter
Part of the Fungal Biology book series (FUNGBIO)

Abstract

The use of insecticides in the last decades has led to serious environmental pollution and residual toxicity to soil organisms. These insecticides are persistent in the environment and have potential toxic effects. Removing these organopollutants from soil in an ecologically responsible, safe and cost-effective way is a top concern. Among various methods available, bioremediation using microorganisms is a potential approach. Ligninolytic, white-rot fungi (WRF) produce extracellular enzyme with low substrate specificity, which makes them suitable candidates for degradation of different compounds notably organopollutants. Keeping this in context, the following work attempts to present an overview of different WRF being used in degradation of insecticides, their enzyme systems responsible for degradation and pathways of degradation. The common microbes used for the study are bacteria and many strains are recommended for the application but degradation ability of fungi is not given proper attention. Several WRF belonging to basidiomycetes and some to ascomycetes have been found with ability to degrade insecticides and herbicides. The ability to form spore during unfavourable condition makes them a better organism as compared to bacteria as they are more persistent. This article mainly focuses on the use of white-rot fungi for biodegradation of insecticides.

Keywords

Agriculture Biodegradation Pesticides Insecticides White-rot fungi 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Debasish Mohapatra
    • 1
  • Sakti Kanta Rath
    • 1
  • Pradipta Kumar Mohapatra
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Botany, School of Life SciencesRavenshaw UniversityCuttackIndia

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