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Nanobotany pp 67-82 | Cite as

Nanofibers and Nanowires

  • Aneeqa Sabah
  • Gabour Loius Hornyak
Chapter

Abstract

Nanomaterials having 2-dimensions confined to nanoscale <100 nm and one dimension can go more than μm scale in length. For example, the nanowire, nanotubes, nano fibers etc. Different types of nanowires are introduced on the basis of shapes, textures and geometrical pattern of nano structure obtained.Nanowires exhibited enhanced and unique mechanical, electrical and optical properties different from bulk due to quantum confinement. Templated based, precipitation and sol-gel techniques provide the best control on dimension confinement in comparison to sol-gel, self-assembly and radiation based methods.Carbon nanofibers are the formed by stacking of graphene layers into platelets of approximately 80–100 nm, much larger than a nanotube even. The CNFs possess higher disorder degree than CNTs (the synthesis of CNTs carries out at higher temperatures). The combination of high-specific surface area, flexibility, and significantly directional strength made the fiber a preferred material for various applications ranging from clothing to aerospace structures. Nano-fibers scaffolds are more suitable and favorable for tissue engineering and bio-sensing applicationsdue to high surface area. As increased surface area results in the easy attachment or release of functional groups, absorbed molecules, ions, catalysts, and nanoparticlesfor cell adhesion and migration.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aneeqa Sabah
    • 1
  • Gabour Loius Hornyak
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PhysicsLahore College for Women UniversityLahorePakistan
  2. 2.Asian Institute of TechnologyKhlong NuengThailand

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