Nanobotany pp 195-233 | Cite as

Analytical Techniques in Nano Botany

  • Aneeqa Sabah Nazir


Nanotools and equipments are necessary for characterization, monitoring and analysis of natural and man-made synthesized materials. In recent time, frequent use of nanoparticles for growth and development of plant cells is making the time to time and efficient analysis to study the effect of nano-plant composites very crucial. The purpose of this chapter is to focus on analytical techniques, specifically to study the physico-chemical and molecular mechanism of nanoparticles in the field of Botany. Schematics and working principles of spectroscopic (UV-visible, IR-Raman, XRD), scanning (SEM, AFM)and tunneling (TEM and STM) microscopic techniques are explained in detail on the basis of optical and electron probe methods. Image production, data monitoring and processing for biological and nano-botany architectures are also discussed specifically by above described techniques.


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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aneeqa Sabah Nazir
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PhysicsLahore College for Women UniversityLahorePakistan

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