Advertisement

The Economic Analysis of Plant Health and the Needs of Policy Makers

  • Glyn Jones
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter presents an overview of how economics considers plant pests and disease, the tools available to assess possible responses and how economics interacts with policy making. Plant health exhibits a number of public good characteristics that suggest the need for public intervention—left to its own devices, the market would underprovide biosecurity, with each “supplier” of plant health providing the privately optimal level of intervention. To assess the socially optimal level of plant health, economists can deploy a range of tools that vary in terms of data, skills and time required. Whilst economic research has provided a number of theoretical insights, there remains a substantial gap between this output and its usefulness for policy makers. Policy responses are constrained by a number of factors from which, to varying degrees, economic theory is detached. This chapter considers the apparent gap between the output of academic economists and the needs of public policy makers in the UK.

References

  1. Aukema, B., Carroll, A., Zheng, Y., Zhu, J., Raffa, K., Moore, R., et al. (2008). Movement of outbreak populations of mountain pine beetle: Influences of spatiotemporal patterns and climate. Ecography, 31, 348–358.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Baker, R., Cannon, R., Bartlett, P., & Barker, I. (2005). Novel strategies for assessing and managing the risks posed by invasive alien species to global crop production and biodiversity. Annals of Applied Biology, 146, 177–191.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Barbier, B., & Bergeron, G. (2001). Natural resource management in the hillsides of honduras. Bio-economic modeling at the micro-watershed level (Research Report No. 123). Washington, DC: International Food Policy Research Institute.Google Scholar
  4. Bell, S., Hamilton, V., Montarzino, A., Rothnie, H., Travlou, P., & Alves, S. (2008). Greenspace Scotland Research Report. Greenspace and quality of life: A critical literature review [Electronic Version]. Greenspace Scotland; Transforming urban spaces; OPENspace; Sniffer.Google Scholar
  5. Binner, A., Smith, G., Bateman, I., Day, B., Agarwala, M., & Harwood, A. (2017). Valuing the social and environmental contribution of woodlands and trees in England, Scotland and Wales. Forestry Commission Research Report. https://www.forestry.gov.uk/pdf/FCRP027.pdf/$FILE/FCRP027.pdf. (Accessed December 13, 2017).
  6. Bradley, A. B. (2012). Global change, global trade, and the next wave of plant invasions. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 10(1), 20–28.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Caley, P., Groves, R., & Barker, R. (2008). Estimating the invasion success of introduced plants. Diversity and Distributions, 14(2), 196–203.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Conrad, J. M. & Clark, C. W. (1995). Natural resource economics: Notes and problems. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  9. Cook, D. C., Thomas, M. B., Cunningham, S. A., Anderson, D. L., & De Barro, P. J. (2007). Predicting the economic impact of an invasive species on an ecosystem service. Ecological Applications, 17, 1832–1840.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Cook, D. C., Wilby, A. & Fraser, R. W. (2017). Improving plant biosecurity policy evaluation and prioritisation: The economic impacts of pests and diseases. World Scientific Publishing Europe Ltd.Google Scholar
  11. Crawley, M. J., Harvey, P. H., & Purvis, A. (1996). A comparative ecology of the native and alien floras of the British Isles. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B Biological Sciences, 351, 1251.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Dehnen-Schmutz, K., MacLeod, A., Reed, P., & Mills, P. R. (2010). The role of regulatory mechanisms for control of plant diseases and food security—Case studies from potato production in Britain. Food Security, 2(3), 233–245.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Donnelly, J. S., Jr. (2001). The great Irish potato famine. Stroud: Sutton Publishing Limited. Xii 292. 07509 2632 5.Google Scholar
  14. Epanchin-Neill, R. (2017). Economics of invasive species policy and management. Biological Invasions, 19(11), 3333–3354.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Epanchin-Niell, R. S., & Hastings, A. (2010). Controlling established invaders: Integrating economics and spread dynamics to determine optimal management. Ecology Letters, 13(4), 528–541.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Epanchin-Niell, R. S., & Liebhold, A. M. (2015). Benefits of invasion prevention: Effect of time lags, spread rates, and damage persistence. Ecological Economics, 116, 146–153.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Epanchin-Niell, R. S., Haight, R. G., Berec, L., Kean, J. M., & Liebhold, A. M. (2012). Optimal surveillance and eradication of invasive species in heterogeneous landscapes. Ecology Letters, 15, 803–812.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Fernald, C. H. (1896). The association of economic entomologists, address by the president: The evolution of economic entomology. Science, New Series, 4(94), 541–547.Google Scholar
  19. Finnoff, D., Shogren, J. F., Leung, B., & Lodge, D. M. (2005). The importance of bioeconomic feedback in nonindigenous species management. Ecological Economics, 52(3), 367–381.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Finnoff, D., Settle, C., Shogren, J. F., & Tschirhart, J. (2006). Invasive species and the depth of bioeconomic integration. Choices: The Magazine of Food, Farm & Resource, 21(3), 147–151.Google Scholar
  21. Finnoff, D., Lewis, M. A., & Potapov, A. B. (2010). Control and the optimal management of a spreading invader. Resource and Energy Economics, 32, 534–550.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Freer-Smith, P., & Webber, J. F. (2017). Tree pests and diseases: The threat to biodiversity and the delivery of ecosystem services. Biodiversity and Conservation, 26(13), 3167–3181.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Gowdy, J. (2007). Toward an experimental foundation for benefit-cost analysis. Ecological Economics, 63, 649–655.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Kahneman, D., & Knetsch, J. (1992). Valuing public goods: The purchase of moral satisfaction. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 22, 57–70.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Kahneman, D., & Tversky, A. (1979). Prospect theory: An analysis of decision under risk. Econometrica, 47(2), 263.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Kriticos, D., Venette, R., Koch, F., Rafoss, T., Van der Werf, W., & Worner, S. (2013). Invasive alien species in the food chain: Advancing risk assessment models to address climate change, economics and uncertainty. NeoBiota, 18, 1.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Kushalappa, A. C., & Eskes, A. B. (1989). Advances in coffee rust research. Annual Review of Phytopathology, 27, 503–531.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Lansink, A. O. (2011). Public and private roles in plant health management. Food Policy, 36(2), 166–170.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Liebhhold, A. M., Brockerhoff, E. G., Garrett, L. J., Parke, J. L., & Britton, K. O. (2012). Live plant imports: The major pathway for forest insect and pathogen invasions of the US. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 10, 135–143.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Maas, J., Verheij, R. A., Groenewegen, P. P., de Vries, S., & Spreeuwenberg, P. (2006). Green space, urbanity, and health: How strong is the relation? Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 60(7), 587–592.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Ndeffo Mbah, M. L., Forster, G., Wesseler, J., & Gilligan, C. (2010). Economically optimal timing for crop disease control under uncertainty: An options approach. Journal of the Royal Society, Interface/The Royal Society, 7(51), 1421–1428.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Olsen, L. (2006). The economics of terrestrial invasive species: A review of the literature. Agriculture and Resource Economics Review, 35, 178–194.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Olson, L. J., & Roy, S. (2002). The economics of controlling a stochastic biological invasion. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 84(5), 1311–1316.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Park, B. J., Tsunetsugu, Y., Kasetani, T., Kagawa, T., & Miyazaki, Y. (2010). The physiological effects of Shinrin-yoku (Taking in the forest atmosphere or forest bathing): Evidence from field experiments in 24 forests across Japan. Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine, 15, 18–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Parker, I. M., Simberloff, D., Lonsdale, W. M., Goodell, K., Wonham, M., Kareiva, P. M., et al. (1999). Impact: Toward a framework for understanding the ecological effects of invaders. Biological Invasions, 1, 3–19.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Parks, S., & Gowdy, J. (2013). What have economists learned about valuing nature? A Review Essay. Ecosystem Services, 3(2013), e1–e10.Google Scholar
  37. Parnell, S., Gottwald, T. R., Cunniffe, N. J., Alonso Chavez, V., & van den Bosch, F. (2015). Early detection surveillance for an emerging plant pathogen: A rule of thumb to predict prevalence at first discovery. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences, 282(1814). pii: 20151478.  http://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2015.1478.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Perrings, C., Williamson, M. H., & Dalmazzone, S. (2000). The economics of biological invasions. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. PRATIQUE. (2010). Review of impact assessment methods for pest risk analysis, PD No. D2.1. Author(s): Johan Bremmer, Tarek Soliman, Marc Kenis, Urs Schaffner, Monique Mourits, Wopke van der Werf, Alfons Oude Lansink.Google Scholar
  40. Ruben, R., Kuyvenhoven, A., & Kruseman, G. (2001). Bioeconomic models and ecoregional development: Policy instruments for sustainable intensification. In D. R. Lee & C. B. Barrett (Eds.), Tradeoffs or synergies? Agricultural intensification, economic development and the environment. Cambridge, MA, USA: CABI Publishing.Google Scholar
  41. Santini, A., Ghelardini, L., De Pace, C., Desprez-Loustau, M. L., Capretti, P., Chandelier, A., et al. (2013). Biogeographical patterns and determinants of invasion by forest pathogens in Europe. New Phytologist, 197(1), 238–250.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Sheremet, O., Healey, J., Quine, C., & Hanley, N. (2017). Public preferences and willingness to pay for forest disease control in the UK. Journal of Agricultural Economics, 68, 781–800.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Shogren, J. F., & Crocker, T. D. (1991). Cooperative and noncooperative protection against transferable and filterable externalities. Environmental and Resource Economics, 1, 195–214.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Sims, C., & Finoff, D. (2013). When is a ‘wait and see’ approach to invasive species justified? Resource and Energy Economics, 35(3), 235–255.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Sims, C., Aadland, D., & Finnoff, D. (2010). A dynamic bioeconomic analysis of mountain pine beetle epidemics. Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, 34(12), 2407–2419.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Sims, C., Finnoff, D., & Shogren, J. (2016). Bioeconomics of invasive species: Using real options theory to integrate ecology, economics, and risk management. Food Security, 8(1), 61–70.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Treasury, H. M. (2003). The green book: Appraisal and evaluation in central government. London: HM Treasury, The Stationery Office.Google Scholar
  48. Waage, J. K., Fraser, R. W., Mumford, J. D., Cook, D. C., & Wilby, A. (2005). A new agenda for biosecurity. Horizon Scanning Programme, Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, UK.Google Scholar
  49. Ward, M. (2016). Action against pest spread—The case for retrospective analysis with a focus on timing. Food Security, 8, 77–81.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Wolf, K. L., Measells, M. K., Grado, S. C., & Robbins, A. S. T. (2015). Economic values of metro nature health benefits: A life course approach. Urban Forestry and Urban Greening, 14, 694–701.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Glyn Jones
    • 1
  1. 1.Fera Science Ltd., National Agri-Food Innovation CampusYorkUK

Personalised recommendations