Designing Cyber-physical Systems with Evolutionary Algorithms
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Cyber physical systems (CPSs) find their application in different domains, including smart cities, Internet of Things (IoT), and Industry 4.0. The increasing degree of interaction among CPSs leads to unpredictable and partially unexpected behavior. The major steps to manage emerging behavior in CPSs are taken in the design process. Although a high number of methods and tools already exist from related disciplines (including complex system research, embedded system design, and self-organization), there is no comprehensive toolset available to address the extensive CPS design process. This chapter presents a proposal for a common CPS design toolset. It combines existing and emerging tools to design, simulate, evaluate, and deploy solutions for complex, real-world problems using evolutionary algorithms on the example of swarms of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs).
KeywordsCyper-physical systems Model-based design CPS integration Optimization Evolutionary algorithms Emergent behavior
We are grateful to Andreas Kercek and Christian Raffelsberger for their critical comments on this chapter. Further we would like to thank Angelika Schauer for proofreading the text. The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Union Horizon 2020 research and innovation program under grant agreement No 731946.
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